Skincare is all fun and games until you decide to personalise the routine. Nothing calls out disappointment like a brand new skincare purchase that does nothing — or does all the wrong things — to your skin. While experimentation is fun, especially for beauty aficionados, it certainly comes with a price. Customisation is never easy, since there is a whole gamut of primary and secondary skin concerns to be taken into consideration, coupled with diet, fitness schedule and even your sleep routine.
But before you go ahead with making changes in your routine, you must know what skin type you have.
There are four basic types: normal, dry, oily, and combination, and each has a different requirement.
Normal skin: Put in simple words, you are as lucky as it gets. You have a balanced level of moisturisation and oils and you probably do not know how breakouts are. Use a gentle foam cleanser to keep your skin type intact and provide you with a healthy glow.
Dry skin: Dry skin is heavily and quickly affected by the sun and wind, and can feel itchy and rough to touch on most days. Always remember to apply a thick daily moisturiser with sunscreen, and reapply frequently if you happen to spend most of your days outdoor. People with dry skin also tend to develop wrinkles earlier,so apply moisturiser and oils to frequently to avoid this.
Oily skin: Oily skin simply means acne-prone skin and ends up looking greasy or shiny. This skin type is also characterised by enlarged pores and results in frequent blackheads. If you have oily skin, keep your hands off and keep your carbohydrate and fat consumption at a minimum. Avoid oils like coconut oil, mineral oil and petroleum jelly.
Combination skin: Combination skin is the most common skin type. It is characterised by patches of oily skin on the nose and forehead or what we call as the T-zone, but normal skin on the cheeks and jawline. If you have combination skin, use a gentle creamy cleanser, twice a day by paying particular attention to the areas where oil builds up.
In addition to the four basic skin types, you may have to deal with other skin factors. Take a look at these four other skin factors that need to be noted for a customised skincare routine.
Sensitive skin: Can’t deny that those with sensitive skin have a hard time because any product can backfire easily. Sensitive skin is prone to redness and acne breakouts. It requires special care with cleansers made specifically not to cause irritation. Look for products that say, “hypoallergenic” and “for sensitive skin”, besides being paraben and sulphate-free.
Ageing skin: As your skin ages, it gets wrinkles and becomes more sensitive. The elasticity suffers and thus, it’s important to use a moisturiser religiously. Also, you should never go outside without sunscreen because your skin is more sensitive to ultra-violet rays leading to more wrinkles and crow’s feet.
Cyclic acne: Some people notice that they only get breakouts during certain times of the month. The reason is none other than your hormones going topsy-turvy. Puberty is the time when you are most prone to cyclic acne but adults too are susceptible due to lifestyle changes, dirt and pollution. Cover and cleanse your skin properly but don’t overdo or you will end up stripping your skin off natural oils.
Creating a daily customised skincare routine
Once you’ve gotten the right skincare products for your skin type, it is time to get in place a customised skincare routine that will ensure your skin remains healthy. Most dermatologists recommend that you wash your face morning and night, and after spending a long time outside or rigorous workouts.
You are what you eat and everything you consume has an effect on your skin. In addition to choosing good skincare products, there are certain lifestyle changes one can make to keep their skin healthy. For instance, doing light exercise, eating less sugar and staying hydrated can do wonders for your skin. Additionally, your skin may improve if you stop smoking.
It’s also important to keep in mind that your skin type is dynamic in nature and can change over time. For instance, people typically have the oiliest skin during their teens and early 20s, and for later parts of your life, it turns sensitive and dry.