Easy ways to keep yourself hydrated this summerhttps://indianexpress.com/article/lifestyle/health/keep-yourself-hydrated-summer-dehydration-5745800/

Easy ways to keep yourself hydrated this summer

The most common condition that people suffer from during summer is dehydration, wherein the body loses significant amount of water along with minerals and electrolytes.

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One of the most common condition people suffer during summer is dehydration, wherein the body loses significant amount of water along with minerals and electrolytes. (Photo by iStock / Getty Images Plus)

With the temperature peaking to an all time high, it is extremely important to take care of your health in the scorching heat. Spending too much time under the sun has its drawbacks, and if you are not cautious, excessive exposure to sun can lead to getting sunburns, dehydration, cramps, heat exhaustion, fainting or in extreme cases heat stroke, which is a medical emergency.

One of the most common condition people suffer during summer is dehydration, wherein the body loses significant amount of water along with minerals and electrolytes. Rigorous exercise or any illness such as fever, loose motions or vomiting can aggravate dehydration, which can occur in people of all ages, but young children, babies and older adults are more prone to it.

Also Read: Home-made face masks that will help protect your skin this summer

Dr Santosh Datar, consultant doctor and medical director, Ziqitza Health Care Ltd shares the most common symptoms of dehydration and suggests a few precautionary tips that will keep you protected.

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It is often easy to miss the signs of dehydration, so here are the most common symptoms that one can look out for:

*Increased thirst
*Dry mouth
*Weakness
*Headaches
*Dizziness
*Muscle cramps
*Dry and cracked lips
*Irritability
*Dark coloured urine
*In severe hydration, fainting, confusion or altered consciousness

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The best way to avoid dehydration is, in fact, to stay hydrated. (Photo by Thinkstock Images)

If you are alert and watch out for these symptoms, you will be able to remedy the situation quite effectively.

*Drink plenty of water and fluids

The best way to avoid dehydration is, in fact, to stay hydrated. You should drink plenty of water throughout the day, but this can also be substituted with coconut water, lemon water, fresh buttermilk, clear soup or fruit juices (without sugar) once in a while to keep up your electrolyte levels. Sweetened fruit juices and cold drinks should be avoided.

Also Read: Easy and effective summer hair care tips you can follow before stepping out in the sun

*Wear appropriate clothing

Loose-fitting, light weight, light-coloured cotton clothes are ideal to be worn during this season. Dark colours absorb more heat, which in turn, will increase your body temperature, while tight clothes will absorb the sweat, instead of letting it evaporate from your body. Sweating is body’s natural cooling system, and it is best to wear airy clothing which allows your body to keep cool naturally.

*Protection from direct exposure to sunlight

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Use a sunscreen with SPF higher than 15 to avoid getting sunburns. (Photo by Thinkstock Images)

Avoid going outdoors during midday if possible. If you have to go, walk in the shade, wear wide brim hats, sunglasses or use an umbrella. Use a sunscreen with SPF higher than 15 to avoid getting sunburns. If your day plans include a visit to the pool or a beach, use a water resistant one with higher SPF rating. Just as you use sunscreen for the skin, use a lip balm with SPF protection to block out the sun rays.

*Avoid diuretics

Diuretics are substances or foods that increase the production of urine, which in turn results in loss of fluids from the body. Alcohol and caffeine containing beverages like coffee, cola have diuretic properties and should be avoided. Avoid tobacco and smoking.

*Eat fruits and vegetables

Fruits and vegetables such as watermelon, cucumber, tomato, lettuce, oranges, grapes and banana are rich in water content, essential minerals, and electrolytes. Consume them as much as you can through the day for natural hydration. Additionally, avoid spicy, oily and pungent foods as they can increase acidity.

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Fruits like watermelon are rich in water content. (Photo by Getty Images)

*Avoid heavy workouts

Heavy workouts can cause copious amount of sweating, leading to dehydration. If you are planning a workout, do it indoors if possible and drink plenty of water before hand. You can carry a water bottle with you and take sips regularly.

*Memorise all emergency service numbers

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In case the situation worsens one needs to immediately call for professional help as time is of utmost essence. It is therefore necessary for everyone, including children and the elderly, to memorise relevant EMS numbers, like 102/108 for emergency medical aid. These may vary from state to state and region to region.