Follow Us:
Thursday, February 27, 2020

Excess physical activity could harm athletes: Study

In top athletes, 'overtraining syndrome', was characterised by reduced athletic performance and intense fatigue.

By: Lifestyle Desk | New Delhi | Published: September 29, 2019 1:42:13 pm
athletes, indianexpress, indianexpress.com, physical activity, extreme sports, physical injury recovery time, new study, overtraining syndrome, what is a burnout, burnout signs, According to a study, intensive physical training could harm brain capacity, particularly cognitive control. (Source: Getty Images/Thinkstock)

For top athletes, excess physical activity could be harmful and lead to major fatigue and reduced performance, according to a new study published in the journal Current Biology. The study showed that intensive physical training could harm brain capacity, particularly cognitive control.

For the findings, Mathias Pessiglione and his team from Inserm Research Institute in France said that they were interested in identifying the causes of a common phenomenon in top athletes known as “overtraining syndrome”. This was characterised by reduced athletic performance and intense fatigue.

The study indicated that athletes suffering from this syndrome might be tempted by products likely to restore their performance. The primary hypothesis of the researchers was clear: the fatigue caused by overtraining is similar to that caused by mental efforts.

ALSO READ | Moderate physical activities may lower the death risk: study

To test this idea, the team spent nine weeks working with 37 triathletes, who were split into two groups. The first underwent the “usual” high-level training whereas the second had additional training during the last three weeks of the experiment, with sessions lasting 40 per cent longer, on average.

From this, the researchers were able to identify similarities between overly intensive physical training and excessive mental work. This excessive physical activity leads to reduced activity of the lateral prefrontal cortex (a key region for cognitive control), similar to that observed during mental effort.

athletes, indianexpress, indianexpress.com, physical activity, extreme sports, physical injury recovery time, new study, overtraining syndrome, what is a burnout, burnout signs, As per the study, in the case of top athletes, being this impulsive could lead to their decision to stop right in the middle of a performance. (Source: File Photo)

This reduction in brain activity was associated with impulsive decision-making, in which short-term gratification was prioritised over long-term goals.

ALSO READ | Fighting depression? Here’s how exercise can help you

In the case of top athletes, being this impulsive could lead to their decision to stop right in the middle of a performance or to abandon a race in order to end the pain felt during physical exertion.

The researchers believe that fatigue and reduced cognitive control might also constitute the first stage in the development of a “burnout syndrome”, which affects many people across various professional sectors.

📣 The Indian Express is now on Telegram. Click here to join our channel (@indianexpress) and stay updated with the latest headlines

For all the latest Lifestyle News, download Indian Express App.

Advertisement
Advertisement
Advertisement
Advertisement