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Diabetes in expectant women may up autism risk in children

A new study states that children born to diabetic mothers have an increased risk of developing autism. The inflammation, nutrients and hormones related to diabetes can increase the risk for autism. Diabetes is known to complicate pregnancies.

By: IANS | London |
June 25, 2018 4:51:14 pm
diabetes, autism, gestational diabetes, expecting mother, inflammation, hormones, aspergers syndrome, Indian Express, Indian Express News Gestational diabetes can increase the risk of autism in children. (Source: File Photo)

Children born to mothers with diabetes, that is known to complicate pregnancy, are likely to have an increased risk of developing autism spectrum disorder (ASD), claims a new study. ASD is a condition related to brain development that impacts how a person perceives and socialises with others, causing problems in social interaction and communication. The study, by researchers including Anny H. Xiang from the Kaiser Permanente — a US-based health care company — showed that the risk is associated with Type-1 (T1D), Type-2 (T2D) and gestational diabetes.

The results showed that risk of ASD was higher in children exposed in utero to maternal preexisting T1D, T2D and gestational diabetes diagnosed by 26 weeks compared with no maternal diabetes exposure. The severity of maternal diabetes and the timing of exposure (early vs late in pregnancy) may be associated with the risk of autism in children of mothers with diabetes, Xiang said.

The study, published in the journal JAMA, included data from 4,19,425 children who were born at 28 to 44 weeks from 1995-2012. They looked at how exposure to all three types of maternal diabetes was associated with diagnosis of ASD, which includes autistic disorders, Asperger syndrome and pervasive developmental disorder among the children.

While the exact reason for this connection isn’t quite clear it is said that the inflammation, nutrients, and hormones linked to diabetes may increase the risk for autism. The risk increased four times if diabetes was diagnosed during the pregnancy and roughly by five times if the diabetes existed before the mother conceived.

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📣 The above article is for information purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the guidance of your doctor or other qualified health professional for any questions you may have regarding your health or a medical condition.

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