Follow Us:
Sunday, July 03, 2022

One case of Chandipura virus infection detected in Gujarat: All you need to know about the virus that affects children

Based on the symptoms, doctors recommend a blood test. The samples are sent to NIV Pune, which confirms the presence or absence of the Chandipura virus.

By: Lifestyle Desk | New Delhi |
July 17, 2019 11:14:23 am
Chandipura virus, Chandipura virus infection, Chandipura virus Maharashtra, Chandipura virus Gujarat, what is Chandipura virus, how did Chandipura virus get its name, Chandipura virus effects, Chandipura virus children, how does Chandipura virus affect children, Chandipura virus treatment, Chandipura virus signs, Chandipura virus symptoms, Chandipura virus health, health, indianexpress, indianexpressonline, indianexpressnews, indianexpress latest, Chandipura virus harm, Chandipura virus deaths, Chandipura virus children death, Encephalitis,National Institute of Virology , Timely detection, hospitalisation and symptomatic treatment given to the patient could help save lives in cases of Chandipura virus. (Source: File Photo)(Representational Image)

Four cases of suspected Chandipura virus infection were reported in Gujarat’s Dahod on Tuesday, two days after the blood samples of a five-year-old girl who died on June 30 tested positive for the virus. Of the four suspected cases, two children have already died while two others are under tertiary care, which is specialised medical care.

What is the Chandipura virus?

Named after the town in Maharashtra where the discovery was made and isolated, Chandipura virus is known to cause inflammation of the brain, progress rapidly from an influenza-like illness to coma and death.

The Chandipura Vesiculovirus (CHPV), first discovered by two virologists of the Pune-based National Institute of Virology (NIV) in 1965, predominantly infects children. The majority of infected patients are children aged below 14.

Best of Express Premium
Get inspired: Why did Sardar Patel say that civil servants must not take ...Premium
NITI Aayog-commissioned report which studied 3 orders by Supreme Court, 2...Premium
Inside Track: Amit Shah’s strategy for Maharashtra and FadnavisPremium
Tavleen Singh writes: Islamism has no place in IndiaPremium

The last cases reported in Gujarat were in 2014, when four children aged between five and 14 succumbed to the virus. In 2010, 29 suspected cases were reported of which 17 children succumbed to the virus, all from Kheda, Panchmahals and Vadodara in the state.

ALSO READ: First suspected leptospirosis victim in Mumbai: All you need to know about this bacterial infection


The virus spreads mainly through the bite of sand flies, and sometimes through mosquitoes. Animal studies show that the virus affects neurons and causes neurodegeneration. Sand flies, which are found in mud and in cracks of sand houses, mostly breed during monsoon and pre-monsoon months which is when the cases are generally reported.

The likely vector (or carrier) of the virus is the female phlebotomine sandfly. The virus was detected in sandflies in Senegal, Nigeria as well as in India. In 2003, Chandipura virus was responsible for an outbreak in southern India in which 329 children developed acute encephalitis and 183 died.

Signs and symptoms

fever, Chandipura virus, symptoms of Chandipura virus, treatment of Chandipura virus, indian express, indian express news The samples are sent to NIV Pune, which confirms the presence or absence of the Chandipura virus. (Photo: Getty Images/Thinkstock)

The symptoms include sudden high fever accompanied by headache, convulsions and vomiting, sometimes leading to unconsciousness. Based on the symptoms, doctors recommend a blood test. The samples are sent to NIV Pune, which confirms the presence or absence of the Chandipura virus. It takes between 10 and 15 days to get the test results.


There is no specific medicine for its treatment. However with timely detection, hospitalisation and symptomatic treatment is given to the patient, which could help save lives.


Prevention is the best method to suppress CHPV infection. According to NCBI (National Center for Biotechnology Information), for the containment of the disease transmitting vectors, it is essential to maintain good nutrition, health, hygiene and awareness in rural areas.

UPSC KEY Have you seen our section dedicated to helping USPC aspirants decode daily news in the context of their exams?

📣 The above article is for information purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the guidance of your doctor or other qualified health professional for any questions you may have regarding your health or a medical condition.

For all the latest Lifestyle News, download Indian Express App.

  • Newsguard
  • The Indian Express website has been rated GREEN for its credibility and trustworthiness by Newsguard, a global service that rates news sources for their journalistic standards.
  • Newsguard