We know that hamburger can be called the national food of US purely based on it’s consumption, which is high. Similarly, very few countries around the world term any food/dish as ‘national food’. Here are few countries and their national dishes:
ENGLAND: Roast Beef and Yorkshire Pudding
It is more of a Sunday lunch and national symbol. Yorkshire—or batter—puddings were originally served as fillers before the main course. Today, beef and the pudding are eaten together alongside gravy-soaked roast potatoes, vegetables, and horseradish sauce.
Traditionally it is a winter dish. Prepared by stewing continuously throughout the season, pot-au-feu (pot-in-the-fire) is a warm dish with fragrance of stewing steak, vegetables, and spices.
Paella recipes originally came with a wide variety of seafood, meat, sausage, (even chorizo) vegetables and many different seasonings. But now the most famous recipe is seafood paella. It’s roots trace back to Valencia, on the east coast of Spain.
The German pot roast – Sauerbraten is considered to be one of the country’s national dishes. Originally made of horse meat, which is marinated in wine, vinegar, spices, herbs and seasoning for up to 10 days. It is usually served with boiled potatoes and red cabbage.
Feijoada traces back its origins to Portugal. It is primarily a stew of beans with beef and pork. Feijoada with little variations can be found in former Portuguese colonies like Brazil, Macau, Angola, Mozambique and Goa (India).
CHILE: Pastel de choclo
This dish is also prepared in Argentina, Bolivia and Peru. It is layered pie, which is baked in the oven and is made in a deep dish with chopped beef at the bottom, chicken, olives and a hard-boiled egg, topped with fresh corn and basil.
These are a type of dumplings. This traditional Eastern European dish is usually made with minced meat filling, wrapped in thin dough (made out of flour and eggs, sometimes with milk or water added). Variations of the same dish are found in Turkey, Tibet, Korea, etc.
CHINA: Peking duck
Peking duck has been prepared in China since the Imperial Era. It is a famous dish from Beijing and is considered as one of China’s national dishes. Peking duck is savored for its thin and crispy skin. The Sliced Peking duck is often eaten with pancakes, sweet bean sauce, or soy with mashed garlic.
IRELAND: Irish Stew
Originally a thick broth of slow-boiled mutton with onions, potatoes, and parsley, Irish stew nowadays often incorporates other vegetables, such as carrots, and many cooks brown the mutton first. It is a staple of Irish pubs worldwide.