Crime against children rose by an alarming 24 per cent last year in the country,with Uttar Pradesh topping the list and Delhi coming in third place.
“It is alarming that,in 2011,the crimes against children reported a 24 per cent increase from the previous year with a total of 33,098 cases,” the report ‘Children in India 2012-A Statistical Appraisal’,conducted by the Central Statistical Organisation,said.
The highest number of crimes against children,it said,was reported from Uttar Pradesh (16.6 per cent) followed by Madhya Pradesh (13.2 per cent),Delhi (12.8 per cent) and Maharashtra (10.2 per cent).
According to the report,there was an increase of 43 per cent in kidnapping and abduction cases in 2011 while rape cases where the victims were children rose by 30 per cent in the same period.
While UP and Delhi together accounted for 47.6 per cent of kidnappings and abductions of children reported in the country last year,Madhya Pradesh,Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra together accounted for 44.5 per cent of child rape cases.
The report also said that procuration of minor girls (862 cases) last year recorded an increase of 27 per cent and foeticide reported an increase of 19 per cent as compared to the previous year.
As many as 113 cases under prohibition of Child Marriage Act 2006 were reported in the country in 2011,out of which the highest were in West Bengal (25) followed by Maharashtra (19),Andhra Pradesh (15),Gujarat (13) and Karnataka (12).
The study also reveals that the conviction rate at national level for crimes against children stood at 34.6 per cent. The conviction rate for ‘infanticide’ (other than murder) was highest at 46.9 per cent followed by cases under murder (45.5 per cent).
The study observed that the increasing trend in the incidence of juvenile crimes is a matter of grave concern.
Juvenile crimes have increased by 10.5 per cent to 25,125 in 2011 from 22,740 in previous year. The case of theft tops the chart with 21.17 per cent of total juvenile cases followed by hurt (16.3 per cent) and burglary (10.38 per cent) in 2011.
While an absolute increase of 181 million in India’s population has been recorded during the decade 2001-2011,there is a reduction of 5.05 million in the population of children aged 0-6 years during this period.
The decline in male children is 2.06 million and 2.99 million in female children,the report said.
In 2011,the total number of children in the age-group 0-6 years is reported to be 158.79 million,which is down by 3.1 per cent compared to the child population in 2001 at 163.84 million.
The share of children (0-6 years) to the total population is 13.1 per cent in 2011 whereas the corresponding figures for male children and female children are 13.3 per cent and 12.9 per cent.