Updated: September 9, 2021 5:17:48 am
Jharkhand Assembly on Wednesday passed a Bill that provides for 75 per cent reservation to local residents in private sector jobs with monthly salary up to Rs 40,000.
Once the ‘Jharkhand State Employment of Local Candidates in Private Sector Bill, 2021’, is enacted, Jharkhand will become the third state — after Andhra Pradesh and Haryana — having a law providing for reservation in private sector jobs for local residents.
The Bill will treat shops, establishments, mines, enterprises, industries, companies, societies, trusts, Limited Liability Partnership firms and any person employing 10 or more people in the private sector as an entity. This may be notified by the government from time to time, the Bill mentions.
“I am committed to providing employment to moolvasi (original inhabitants) and tribals. The report by the select committee has been laid in the House and the government is committed to providing employment to locals,” Chief Minister Hemant Soren told the House.
The Bill says that employers need to register themselves on a designated portal about employees who are receiving gross monthly salary or wages not more than Rs 40, 000 — or as notified by the government from time to time — within three months after the Bill is enacted and comes into force as law. It says no person should be engaged or employed unless the registration process is complete on the designated portal.
The Bill also says that no “local candidate” will be eligible to avail benefit of the reservation without registering herself or himself on the designated portal.
The Bill defines a local candidate, eligible for the 75-per cent reservation, as a person who belongs to Jharkhand and is registered on the designated portal. However, an operational problem in implementing the proposed local reservations policy could lie in identifying its beneficiaries.
Questions around the definition of a ‘Jharkhandi’ had led to the resignation of Chief Minister Babulal Marandi in 2002, and successive governments had refrained from touching the issue.
The previous BJP-led Raghubar Das government had notified a “relaxed domicile policy” in 2016, listing six ways in which one could be treated as a domicile of the state. That policy was, however, criticised for not giving priority to people from tribal communities, for whom the state was created.
Even the incumbent Soren government had formed a sub-committee to look into the domicile issue, but as of now the government may continue with Das’s domicile policy.
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