Leaders of the G-4 nations — Japan, Germany, Brazil and India — are likely to meet on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) annual summit in New York to give a renewed push to the UN reform process. In 2013 and 2014, G-4 Foreign Ministers had met on the sidelines of the UNGA. Significantly, the heads of the G-4 nations will be meeting for the first time in ten years.
On September 14, the UN General Assembly had adopted Decision 69/560 on Security Council (UNSC) reform. The likely meeting between Prime Minister Narendra Modi, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Brazil’s President Dilma Rousseff and Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe will discuss a collaborative strategy to negotiate UNSC reforms.
The Decision 69/560 is now the basis to discuss UN reforms process. The text, prepared after 23 long years, is considered a breakthrough by India and many other countries.
Even though UN reforms still remain a painfully long-drawn process, the exercise has exposed the position of five permanent members of UNSC on the issue. Three powerful members of the UNSC — Russia, China, and the US — are opposed to India’s position. While France took a helpful stand, the UK only came half-way.
The meeting of the G-4 assumes importance before countries meet in November again, to debate for the first time the text-based process. The G4 nations have also formed a bloc to support each others claim for permanent seat in UNSC.