While Punjab recorded its lowest decadal population growth of 13.9 per cent since 1961,it,on the other hand,registered an increase in the Scheduled Caste population and now tops the country with highest percentage of the SC population.
According to the Primary Census Abstract (PCA),Punjab Census 2011,recently released by Punjab Home Ministry,the state has shown lowest decadal population growth in the past 50 years. It has around 6.2 per cent less population growth as compared to 1991-2001 census.
But when it comes to SC population,it tops the country. As per the census,SCs comprise 16.6 per cent of total population of India. In Punjab,however,the SCs are 31.9 per cent of the population. This percentage is the highest among states and UTs in the country as per census records.
Also,Punjab accounts for 2.3 per cent population of the country and 4.4 per cent of the total SC population. In 2001 also,with 28.9 per cent SC population,Punjab was ranked highest in the country. During this decade,two more castes namely,Mochi and Mahatam/Rai Sikh,castes have been notified as scheduled castes in Punjab.
Meanwhile the figures show that the state is experiencing rapid urbanization and the increase in urban population at 25.9 per cent is more than thrice the increase of rural population (7.8 per cent). Urban population has increased in all the districts. Punjabs Urban component of population has also increased from 33.9 per cent in 2001 to 37.5 per cent in 2011. Also Nawanshahr district,which witnessed lowest population growth in the state, shows the second highest growth rate in urban population of state.
Urban Growth rate in SAS Nagar is 90.2 per cent - the highest in state. Tarn Taran with 12.7 per cent of its population living in urban areas is the least urbanised district in the state. Ludhiana is the most populous district,accounting for 12.6 per cent of the total population of state while Barnala,with a population of 5.96 lakh,is the least populous.
Nawanshahr has least growth
Nawanshahr has the lowest population growth among the 22 districts of the state with 4.2 per cent growth rate while it also has lowest rural population growth with -3.9 per cent growth rate and has the second highest population growth in the urban areas with 54.7 per cent.