Continuing with its dubious distinction of killing its daughters,Punjab made it to the bottom five states in the country in the child sex ratio (0-6 years) at 895. The only solace that the state can derive is from the fact that Haryana is at the rock bottom with 879 girls for every 1,000 boys,followed by Jammu and Kashmir at 889. Other states in the list are Uttar Pradesh (912) and Bihar (912).
According to the Primary Census Abstract 2011 released by the Centre on Thursday,Punjab has the highest proportion of SCs in the country at nearly 32 per cent,followed by Himachal Pradesh,West Bengal,Uttar Pradesh and Haryana.
Punjab has clocked a population of 2.7 crore with 1.7 crore living in rural areas and the rest in urban areas. As many as 1.4 crore of the total population comprises men (52.7 per cent ) and the rest women.
Out of the over 30 lakh children in the age group of 0-6 years,16.6 lakh are boys and only 14.1 lakh are girls. The difference is sharp in rural areas where there are 10.5 lakh boys and 8.9 lakh girls. In urban areas,there are 6.1 lakh boys and 5.2 lakh girls.
There are 88.6 lakh SCs in the state,which comprises almost 32 per cent of the population. Out of this,almost 65 lakh live in rural areas.
Moreover,out of a total population of 2.7 crore,the number of literates in Punjab is 1.87 crore,which takes the literacy level of the state to 67.42 per cent. The number of literate men is much more (1.04 crore) when compared to women (82 lakh).
Out of the total population of 2.7 crore in Punjab,less than a crore are workers while over 1.7 crore are non-workers. It is no wonder that Punjab is among the bottom five states in the country in work participation rate. In the workers category as well,most are workers either cultivators or agriculture labourers.
Haryana,on the other hand,has a population of 2.53 crore,out of which 1.34 crore are men and the rest women. Almost 1.65 crore of the population lives in rural areas while over 88 lakh lives in urban areas.
There are over 33 lakh children in Haryana in the age group of 0-6 years. While over 18 lakh are boys and a over 15 lakh are girls.
Moreover,there are over 51 lakh SCs in Haryana,which is about 20 per cent of the total population. As many as 37.2 lakh of the total SC population lives in rural areas. Haryana has also registered a 65.4 per cent literacy rate with 1.65 crore of the population counted as literate while over 97 lakh men were literate,the figure for women was only 68 lakh. Out of the total population,35 per cent is categorised as worker,with majority involved in agriculture.