Drinking a small glass of red wine daily can help keep diabetes under control,a new study has claimed.
The study by a team from the University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences,Vienna,found that red wine contains high concentrations of chemicals that help the body regulate levels of sugar in the blood.
Just a small glass of red wine contained as many of these active ingredients as a daily dose of an anti-diabetic drug,the researchers said.
Although the study didn’t look at the effects of wine on people,the researchers believe moderate drinking as part of a calorie controlled diet could protect against type 2 diabetes,the Daily Mail reported.
According to World Health Organisation,more than 220 million people worldwide have diabetes and 90 per cent of them have Type 2 diabetes,which is largely the result of excess body weight and physical inactivity.
High levels of sugar in the blood can cause tiredness,heart disease,strokes,blindness,nerve damage and kidney disease.
Past studies have shown that natural chemicals found grape skin and wine called polyphenols can help the body control glucose levels,and prevent potentially dangerous spikes or dips in blood sugar.
In the new study,the researchers compared the polyphenol content of 12 different wine varieties and found that levels were higher in red wines.
They then studied how these polyphenols interact with cells in the human body,focusing on a particular receptor called PAR-gamma which involved in the development of fat cells,energy storage and regulation of blood sugar.
They found that polyphenols in wine bind to the receptor and that a small glass of wine contains enough to rival the activity of the potent diabetes drug Avandia.
The researchers,who reported the findings in the Royal Society of Chemistry journal Food and Function,said moderate consumption of red wine could have benefits for diabetics.
“You could derive a natural extract from grape skins for the treatment of diabetes,” lead researcher Professor Alois Jungbauer said.
“Also,this is further scientific evidence that a small amount of wine really is beneficial for health,” he added.