Foodgrain production is likely to dip by 18 per cent,the annual Maharashtra Economic Survey presented on Tuesday states. The estimates for 2012-13 are pegged at 104.39 lakh metric tonne. In 2011-12,total production was 127.30 lakh metric tonne.
The survey also reveals a sharp decline in employment of people in agriculture and allied activities from 55.9 per cent to 45.1 per cent. As per the National Sample Survey Organisation,the state requires 144 lakh metric tonne of foodgrain.
Due to low deficit monsoon,sowing of major kharif crops in western Maharashtra and some parts of Aurangabad and Nashik divisions were delayed. Low moisture and erratic rainfall in September and October are likely to result in overall reduction in production of foodgrains and sugarcane, the survey states.
Due to he drought water-intensive crops like sugarcane have been the hit the hardest and their production is expected to drop by 33 per cent. The survey states sugarcane production will come down from 894.56 lakh MT in 2011-12 to 596.89 lakh MT in 2012-13 a drop of nearly 33 per cent.
Total rainfall during 2012 was 90.3 per cent of normal but distribution was uneven. Out of 355 talukas in the state,eight per cent received excess,53 per cent received normal and 39 per cent received deficit or scanty rainfall, the survey states.
The survey shows that land under cultivation decreased by around four per cent for both kharif and rabi crops.
The crops that have seen to have borne the brunt include bajra with area under cultivation dropping by 26 per cent from 8.3 lakh hectares to 6.2 lakh hectares and production falling by 54 per cent from 1.34 lakh metric tonne to 990 lakh metric tonnes.