The Odisha Assembly on Tuesday passed a Bill which aims to reserve 20 per cent of vacant land for economically weaker sections under its affordable housing scheme.
The Odisha Development Authorities(Amendment) Bill 2015 which was passed has provisoned earmarking 20 per cent of vacant land under residential land use for any housing projects undertaken by the government developing authorities.
In 2007, a housing shortfall of about 1.5 lakh units were estimated in Bhubaneswar and Cuttack region. A recent state-wide estimate by the technical group on urban housing shortage (2012-17) states that there is a shortfall of about 4.1 lakh housing units in Odisha. The estimate said that approximately 3.6 lakh affordable dwelling units would have to be added in Bhubaneswar-Cuttack region to accommodate the growth during the next 10 years.
A study on affordable housing for DFID by CRISIL in 2012 observed that most of the upcoming developments in Bhubaneswar and Cuttack region were HIG housing with few MIG housing in the periphery. The study found that developers refrained from developing lower income group and economically weaker housing and instead focused on HIG bracket though 40 per cent of Bhubaneswar’s population stayed in slums. The resultant stock was apartments in the range of 1200 sq ft mid-sized apartments to 2500 sq ft luxurious apartments.
Government agencies like Bhubaneswar Development Authority, Cuttack Development Authority and Odisha State Housing Board, too, have not been able to address the issues of mass housing.
Under the new housing for all policy, 1 lakh dwelling units for economically weaker sections would be built in next 5 years. The new amendment makes it compulsory for all apartments and group housing schemes with plot size exceeding 2000 sq metre to reserve 10 percent of the built up area for economically weaker section dwelling units.
The private developer would be entitled to received compensatory floor area ration equivalent to 100 per cnt of the buit up area utilised for EWS units. In case the private developers are not abl to provide EWS units in the project area, they would be allowed to provide the same at a location not beyond 5 km away.