The monsoon covered the entire country two days ahead of its normal date of July 15 and was active in full fury in most parts of India in the last one week. The second week of July once again resulted in excess rainfall, bringing in 11 per cent more rains than normal.Thanks to the good rainfall this month, the overall seasonal rainfall, since the start of June, has been 4 per cent above normal. June had an 11 per cent deficiency, which has already been compensated.
This week, it poured over central India, which received almost double the amount of rainfall that is expected during this time. On the other hand, east and northeast India, as well as northwest India, got well below normal rainfall. East and northeast India, in fact, have received only about three-fourth of their normal rainfall this season so far. But over the next few days, it is likely to become better for these regions with the Met department predicting enhanced rainfall activity over these areas.
It has already started raining over east Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand and at many places over Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram and Tripura, and also over West Bengal, Sikkim, Odisha and Bihar.The Met department said the axis of monsoon trough was likely to shift northwards, from its position over central India, and closer to the foothills of the Himalayas over the weekend. This is likely to bring heavy rains over eastern Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, and the entire north-eastern region.Over the rest of the country, however, the rainfall activity is likely to subside in the coming week, as the monsoon enters a break phase, a period of about a couple of weeks of subdued rainfall before the monsoon picks up again with fresh vigour.The July rainfall has boosted the storage in the major reservoirs of the country, which, for the first time in many months, have started showing water levels that are more than the 10-year average during this time of the year.
The 91 major reservoirs in the country are now together holding about 46 billion cubic metres of water as compared to just about 26 billion cubic metres at the start of the monsoon season in June. As many as 37 of these reservoirs are showing storage better than the average of last 10 years, while 32 of them have waters more than the corresponding time last year.