The Met department is set to come out for the first time with a summer advisory, on the lines of the monsoon outlook it publishes at the end of June every year.
The summer advisory will be out by the end of this month and will cover March, April and May, highlighting the mean average temperature likely across the country.
“With the El Nino effect continuing for these summer months, the heat is going to be severe,” said Dr M Rajeevan, secretary, Ministry of Earth Sciences. “While a monsoon forecast is issued, for the first time we will be issuing a summer forecast which will help farmers and also certain industries that have been frequently demanding such an outlook… They can ready themselves and so can all the states.”
The previous year was the third warmest on record in the last 115 years. Head of long range forecast in IMD, Pune, D S Pai said this being an El Nino year, the impact will remain during the summer. He echoed Rajeevan: “The summer outlook will help the states plan better. We have been giving a four-month monsoon forecast, but we will specifically focus on the summer this year, a first for the country.”
He said the advisory can help industries plan their power usage and will be of particular help to refrigerator and cooler manufacturers, especially in the northern areas.
Last year, the annual mean temperature was 0.67°C above the 1961-1990 average. Of the country’s 15 warmest years, 12 have come since 2001. “The past decade has been the warmest on record, an impact of growing pollution,” a Met official said.