The Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) was launched in April 2005 with an objective of reducing maternal and neonatal mortality among poor pregnant woman. The Central government has spent Rs 12,330 crore in the last 10 years and 8.37 crore people have availed the scheme since its inception. The programme is a modification of the National Maternity Benefit Scheme (NMBS) that used to provide financial assistance of Rs 500 per birth, up to two live births, since August 1995. The scheme saw an increased spending of 20% between 2009-10 and 2014-15, according to data compiled by Jigyasa.
Under the JSY, states are divided into two, Low Performing States (LPS) and High Performing States (HPS). States having an institutional delivery rate less than 25% come under LPS and those with above 25% under HPS.
JSY was launched with a special focus on Low Performing States and Empowered Action Group States such as Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and more.
The scheme offers a cash assistance package starting from Rs 700 up to Rs 2,000 to women in rural areas and Rs 600 up to Rs 1000 in Urban areas.