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Sunday, October 25, 2020

Extraction kit developed by SCTIMST to isolate RNA from COVID-19 swabs

The SARS-COV-2, the causative virus of COVID-19 pandemic, is an RNA virus-- a long single-stranded polymeric substance present in all living cells that carries the genetic information of the organism necessary for life.

By: Express News Service | New Delhi | April 23, 2020 10:13:58 pm
sars-cov 2 virus, coronavirus testing, RNA extraction kit, covid 19 testing swabs, coronavirus india tests, coronavirus news, latest news The protocol for the kit, which the Institute has named Chitra Magna, uses magnetic nanoparticles to capture and concentrate the RNA from the patient sample

After having developed one of a first of its kind N-gene based rapid diagnostic kit for the detection of the Covid-19 virus, a kit with a high confirmatory rate, the Thiruvanthapuram based Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology Thursday announced that it has developed an RNA extraction kit, to isolate RNA from Covid-19 swabs.

The SARS-COV-2, the causative virus of COVID-19 pandemic, is an RNA virus– a long single-stranded polymeric substance present in all living cells that carries the genetic information of the organism necessary for life. One of the critical steps in detecting this virus is by confirming the presence of the RNA of the virus in the sample taken from the throat or nose. The sample collected is transported under specified conditions in a viral transport medium to the testing laboratory.

The protocol for the kit, which the Institute has named Chitra Magna, uses magnetic nanoparticles to capture and concentrate the RNA from the patient sample. This is of significant advantage because even if some viral RNA disintegrates during storage and transportation of the patient samples, all of it is captured by the magnetic bead-based extraction technology. The magnetic nanoparticle beads bind to the viral RNA and, when exposed to a magnetic field, give a highly purified and concentrated level of RNA. As the yield of PCR or LAMP test is dependent on getting an adequate quantity of viral RNA, this innovation enhances the chances of identifying positive cases. The
Institute has filed for a patent for this technology, which is simpler than in imported kits.

Chitra Magna can be used to extract high purity RNA from patient samples not only for LAMP testing but also for the RT-PCR test. The first step of isolating high quality and high concentration of RNA without degradation is critical to the outcome of the PCR or LAMP test in which RNA is converted to DNA. Barring a few Indian manufacturers, the majority of RNA isolation kits are imported, and its non-availability often becomes a severe bottleneck for RT-PCR testing in large numbers across the country.

“An efficient way of capturing and concentrating the RNA from patient samples is the first critical step in the confirmatory tests of the COVID-19 virus,’’said Professor Ashutosh Sharma, Secretary, DST. The technology of Chitra Magna has been transferred to the Agappe Diagnostics Ltd Ernakulam.

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