CIRCULATORY AND digestive system diseases were the leading causes of deaths in Chandigarh in 2014, according to the latest report, Medical Certification on the Cause of Death (MCCD), released by the census department recently. As per the report, the total deaths reported in Chandigarh in 2014 were 16,378. Of the total deaths, the medically certified deaths were 7,025. These imply deaths for which a cause was certified by doctors. Of the total deaths in the city, only 42.9 per cent were medically certified.
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Out of 7,025 total deaths, the cause of 929 cases was circulatory system disease. The highest deaths were reported in the age group of 55-64 years at 211. Doctors said mostly deaths could be because of coronary artery disease and heart failure.
The second highest cause was diseases of digestive system due to which 923 people died. The highest number of people who died were in the age group of 45-54 years with 206 cases being recorded.
In the city, the number of allopathic medical institutions covered for the MCCD report were 197. Fifty-two other medical institutions in the city, too, were covered for the 2014 report.
As per the report, 836 people who died had “symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings”. The cause of death of 564 people was “certain infectious and parasitic diseases”. There were deaths due to respiratory system disease as well. The report puts the number of such deaths at 502. The number of deaths in “certain conditions originating in the perinatal period and injury”, and “poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes” were 865 and 793 respectively in 2014. Of the total medically certified deaths, the cause of 384 deaths was neoplasms while 273 people died due to diabetes mellitus in 2014.
According to the report, Chandigarh is among the states and UTs which has shown a decline in the absolute number of medically certified deaths in 2014 over the previous year. The percentage of medically certified deaths in 2013 was 92.9 per cent while it was 100 per cent in 2012.
Doctors state that the decline in the number of medical certified deaths in the city is not a good sign. “We expect the numbers should improve every year. Showing a decline is a bad signal. It means that health system was not proper,” says Dr P V M Lakshmi, Additional Professor, Department of Community Medicine, PGI.
“One would like to look at this report and analyse the reason for out-of-hospital deaths recorded in 2014,” says Subhash Verma, head of internal medicine, PGI, and the institute’s officiating director.
Chandigarh, according to the report, has also been ranked 10th in the states/UTs on the basis of percentage of medically certified deaths as compared to the total registered deaths.