The first edition of the India Justice Report — brought out by the Tata Trusts in partnership with the Centre for Social Justice, Common Cause, Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative, DAKSH, TISS-Prayas and Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy — has ranked states and Union Territories on the four pillars of the justice system: Police, Prisons, Judiciary and Legal Aid.
The report underscores the capacity deficit plaguing policing in the country. According to the report, only 1 of the 22 states for which data were available, was able to fully utilise its police modernisation fund.
Over the past five years, in just 14 of the 33 states and UTs for which data are available, police expenditure grew more than the state’s overall expenditure.
The tables refer only to the 18 large- and mid-sized states where 90% of India’s population lives. The map shows the three states that spent the least and the most respectively on police per person in 2015-16.
The report also found that on average there were more than 20% vacancies in the police.
Tables 1, 2 and 3 detail the worst performers among the major states when it comes to vacancies related to SCs, STs and OBCs respectively.
In 2009, the Government of India had adopted a target of 33% reservation for women in police. As of January 2017, women make up just 7% of police.
Table 4 details the number of years required by some states to achieve the 33%-mark at the current rate.