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India coronavirus numbers explained: Growth rate of new Covid-19 cases slowing in states with high numbers

India Coronavirus (Covid-19) Cases Numbers: One of the main reasons for the decline in growth at the national level is the fact that Maharashtra has been slowing down for more than two weeks now.

Written by Amitabh Sinha , Edited by Explained Desk | Pune | Published: June 3, 2020 12:02:30 pm
Migrants in New Delhi walk to board a bus from Ghaziabad to Kanpur (Express Photo: Praveen Khanna)

India Coronavirus (Covid-19) Cases: While the number of novel Coronavirus cases in the country has been rising steadily, between eight and nine thousand a day these days, the growth rate has been coming down, nationally as well as in most of the states with major caseloads.

At the start of May, the compounded daily growth rate of cases in India was around 6.2 per cent. It rose to about 7 per cent before starting a decline that has continued since then. On Tuesday, the national growth rate was 4.67 per cent.

One of the main reasons for the decline in growth at the national level is the fact that Maharashtra, which accounts for more than a third of all cases in India, has been slowing down for more than two weeks now. And that has happened at a rate much faster than that what is observed at the national level. Till the middle of May, Maharashtra’s growth was about one per cent higher than the country as a whole. As that started to decline, it dragged down the national growth as well. On June 2, Maharashtra’s growth rate was 4.05 per cent, well below the national rate.

On Tuesday, the number of infections in India crossed the two-lakh figure mark.

But Maharashtra is not the only major state slowing down. In fact, amongst the top five states with the maximum caseload, only Delhi is currently growing at a rate that is significantly higher than the national rate. It has added more than 7,600 cases in the last one week, and its growth rate on Tuesday was 6.26 per cent. Tamil Nadu is also growing faster, but only marginally.

Also read | Coronavirus numbers explained: Why Mumbai is testing less than it can

On the other hand, Gujarat and Rajasthan, the states with fourth and fifth highest caseloads, have considerably lower growth rates, of 2.50 and 3.21 per cent respectively. Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, the next biggest states in terms of caseloads, have also been growing at around the same rates.

Most of the states that are growing faster than the national rate have relatively smaller caseloads. In fact, almost 25 states and union territories right now have growth rates more than the national rate. But the national growth rate is still being dragged down because the big ones, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh have lower growth rates.

Maharashtra, of course, has the biggest influence on the national curve. In fact, such has been Maharashtra’s dominance that the national growth curve for the last two months has very closely resembled that of the state.

On Tuesday, the number of infections in India crossed the two-lakh figure mark. More than 8,500 new cases were detected across the country, of which Maharashtra contributed less than 2,300. In fact, this is another trend taking shape. The contribution of Maharashtra in the national caseload seems to be going down for the last few days.

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Top ten states with maximum caseload

STATE TOTAL POSITIVE NEW CASES TOTAL RECOVERIES DEATHS

 

Maharashtra 72,300 2,287 31,333 2,474
Tamil Nadu 24,586 1,091 13,706 197
Delhi 22,132 1,298 9,243 556
Gujarat 17,632 415 11,894 1,092
Rajasthan 9,260 273 6,330 203
Uttar Pradesh 8,729 368 5,176 229
Madhya Pradesh 8,420 137 5,221 364
West Bengal 6,168 396 2,410 335
Bihar 4,096 151 1,803 24
Andhra Pradesh 3,906 230 2,209 64

About a week ago, more than 40 per cent of all new cases across the country were being found in Maharashtra. This was significantly higher than in the months of March and April when Maharashtra was accounting for 25 to 35 per cent of the new cases every day. In the last one week, that level is being achieved once again. On June 1, Maharashtra contributed 30 per cent of the new cases, while on Tuesday it was just 26 per cent.

This means that the rest of India has been reporting many more cases than earlier. If the trend continues, it would also lead to a weakening of Maharashtra’s hold over the spread of the disease nationally.

On Tuesday, Delhi once again reported almost 1,300 new cases, while Haryana discovered almost 300. Haryana, which has a little more than one-tenth of Delhi’s caseload, has been one of the fastest growing states in recent days.

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