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Thursday, April 15, 2021

Explained: Why RBI’s Monetary Policy Committee kept rates unchanged

RBI Monetary Policy 2021: The RBI's decision comes amid a surge in Covid-19 cases that has prompted many states to impose fresh lockdown restrictions this week, triggering concerns over the economic recovery that is underway.

Written by Sunny Verma , Edited by Explained Desk | New Delhi |
Updated: April 7, 2021 6:54:29 pm
A woman walks past the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) head office in Mumbai. File Photo/Reuters

The Reserve Bank of India’s Monetary Policy Committee, in its meeting over the last three days, has decided to keep its short term lending rate or the repo rate unchanged at 4 per cent, in line with market expectations.

The central bank also announced a series of measures to inject liquidity in the government securities market and the financial system. Announcing the monetary policy today, RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das said the central bank will maintain its ‘accommodative stance’ as long as required to sustain growth on a durable basis.

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Growth vs inflation trade-off

The RBI’s decision comes amid a surge in Covid-19 cases that has prompted many states to impose fresh curfew restrictions this week, triggering concerns over the economic recovery that is underway. The MPC voted unanimously to keep rates steady and retain the accommodative monetary policy stance, Das said adding that it would do so while keeping a leash on inflation. The annual Consumer Price Index-based retail inflation rate rose to a three-month high of 5.03 per cent in February. “The MPC judged that monetary policy should remain accommodative till prospects of sustained recovery are well secured,” Das said.

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Projections on growth and inflation

Retail inflation is projected to stay around 5 per cent next year: 5% in Q4 of FY’21; 5.2% in Q1 and Q2 FY’22; down to 4.4% in Q3 FY’22 and 5.1% in Q4 FY’22.The RBI maintained its GDP growth forecast at 10.5 per cent for 2021-22.
The central bank has slashed the repo rate — benchmark lending rate — by a total of 115 basis points (one basis point is one-hundredth of a percentage point) since March 2020, coming on top of the 135 bps of cumulative cuts since early 2019.

Other measures

Das said the RBI will ensure orderly conduct of government borrowing programme. In this respect, the central bank announced a secondary market government securities (G-sec) acquisition plan worth Rs 1 lakh crore for April-June. These measures are announced amid a tightening in the G-sec bond market, with yields hardening and expanding debt requirement of the central and state governments.

Amid the government plans to support a new asset reconstruction company being set up by banks, the RBI has decided to set up a committee to review the working of ARCs to ensure how better these entities can support the financial sector.

In the policy review, the RBI decided to extend the RTGS and NEFT payments platforms to prepaid payment instruments, white label ATMs as well.

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