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Explained: This is why Amazon has objected to the Future Group-Reliance Retail deal

Both Amazon and Biyani's Future Group have shown the willingness to opt for an arbitration to be decided in an international arbitration centre. While reports say the two companies could settle on going to the Singapore International Arbitration Centre, it is yet to be finalised.

Written by Aashish Aryan , Edited by Explained Desk | New Delhi | Updated: October 19, 2020 12:23:07 pm
Employees stand near an The Amazon Inc. logo is displayed above the reception counter at the company's campus in Hyderabad. (Bloomberg Photo: Dhiraj Singh)

Kishore Biyani-led Future Retail’s Rs 24,713 crore deal to sell its retail, wholesale, logistics and warehousing units to Mukesh Ambani’s Reliance Retail and Fashionstyle, has run into legal trouble with global e-commerce giant Amazon claiming its “contractual rights” have been violated.

What is the Future-Reliance agreement?

In August this year, Biyani’s Future Group entered into an agreement with Reliance Retail, a subsidiary of the umbrella Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) group, to sell its retail, wholesale, logistics and warehousing to the latter.

As a part of the deal, Future Retail will sell its supermarket chain Big Bazaar, premium food supply unit Foodhall and fashion and clothes supermart Brand Factory’s retail as well as wholesale units to Reliance Retail.

The Future group was under immense pressure from its lenders, led by the State Bank of India, to manage its debt, and the deal in seen as a bid by the group to cut down on the same. Before the August sale to Reliance, Biyani had been wooing several business groups to sell shares in several companies of Future Group in an attempt to cut down on the debt, but had not seen much success.

Following the nationwide lockdown in March, to contain the spread of Covid-19, the retail business of Future Group had come under more stress. Sales in many of its premium food sales arm Foodhall and Brand Factory had come to a near halt in the lockdown, which lasted more than two months.

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Why is Amazon objecting to the Future-Reliance deal?

Last year, Biyani’s Future Retail had signed another deal with global e-commerce giant Amazon. As part of the deal, Amazon had acquired 49 per cent stake in Future Coupons, the promoter firm of Future Retail in a deal worth nearly Rs 2,000 crore.

While Future Retail would be able to place its products on Amazon’s online market place, the two had also agreed that the Future Retails products would also be a part of Amazon’s new plan, which intended to deliver products in select cities within two hours of a customer ordering them. Future Retails has more than 1,500 stores pan India.

The deal had also given Amazon a ‘call’ option, which enabled it to exercise the option of acquiring all or part of Future Coupon’s promoter, Future Retail’s shareholding in the company, within 3-10 years of the agreement.

After Future’s agreement with Reliance, Amazon said the deal was a violation of a non-compete clause and a right-of-first-refusal pact it had signed with the Future Group. The deal also required Future Group to inform Amazon before entering into any sale agreement with third parties.

On its part, the Future Group has said that it had not sold any stake in the company, and was merely selling its assets and had therefore not violated any terms of the contract.

What happens now?

Both Amazon and Biyani’s Future Group have shown the willingness to opt for an arbitration to be decided in an international arbitration centre. While reports say the two companies could settle on going to the Singapore International Arbitration Centre, it is yet to be finalised. As the two companies opt to go for arbitration, it remains unclear it the Future-Reliance deal may go through in the event of this legal tussle.

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