Explained Snippets | This Word Means: Form 45https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-snippets-this-word-means-form-45/

Explained Snippets | This Word Means: Form 45

Political parties in Pakistan who have alleged that the July 25 vote was rigged have complained that they were not given this crucial document. What is it?

Explained Snippets | This Word Means: Form 45
Pakistani election staff empty the ballot boxes to start counting following polls closed at a polling station for the parliamentary elections in Pakistan. (AP/PTI)

Hours after polls closed in Pakistan Wednesday, political parties complained that their agents were not being given Form 45. PML (N) leader Shahbaz Sharif tweeted that his party “wholly rejects the results due to manifest & massive irregularities. Form 45 was not given to our agents, results were stopped & votes were counted in the absence of our poll agents. This is both unbearable & unacceptable!… ECP [Election Commission of Pakistan] should give strict instructions for issuance of the Form 45”. What is this form?

Unlike in India, counting in Pakistan begins immediately after voting ends, at the same location where votes have been cast. Form 45, earlier known as Form 14, is the official statement of the result at a particular polling station. It gives the number of valid votes received by each candidate, the number of invalid ballots, as well as disaggregated data on male and female voters for the booth. The document is signed by the presiding officer and his assistant, an accredited observer, and polling agents of the candidates. The presiding officer signs and thumb-marks copies of the form, and hands them over to candidates or agents.

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The presiding officer also uploads an image of the form on to the Results Transmission System, an Android app that allows the results to be sent to the ECP and the returning officer without loss of time. All presiding officers have the app on their smartphones. After the image of the Form 45 has been uploaded, the physical documents follow.

Pakistan’s Election Rules require that results at each booth are provided in Form 45. On Wednesday, however, it was alleged that at several places, information was provided on plain paper, rather than in the official Form 45. It was also alleged that presiding officers had signed blank Form 45s, thus leaving scope for results to be changed before their final announcement.

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On Thursday evening, the PPP’s Bakhtawar Bhutto Zardari retweeted a Twitter post that said: “Over 22 hours have passed since the vote ended and it appears that results of 100 polling stations in Lyari NA 246 seem to have vanished — our polling agents have not been given the Form 45 as required by the law.”

Earlier, the MQM’s Faisal Subzwari had tweeted pictures of pieces of paper with numbers scrawled on them by hand, and said: “This is the result Presiding Officers are giving in Khi. Secretary ECP is unaware till the desired results?” and “This is the mockery of Rules by Election Commission itself. Rules dictate that ECP officials are bound to provide results on Form 45, instead almost ALL of them in Khi & Hyderabad are insisting of giving us results on Plain Paper like this.”

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The percentage of total households that were able to get 100 days’ work in a year under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme fell in 2017-18, according to a statement laid on the table of Lok Sabha Thursday.

The percentage of gross domestic product (GDP) allocated to the MGNREGS has remained constant during the last two financial years, after having been raised from 0.32% in 2015-16, said the statement by Rural Development Minister Narendra Singh Tomar. MGNREGA was enacted in 2005 “for the enhancement of livelihood security of the households in rural areas of the country by providing at least one hundred days of guaranteed wage employment in every financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work”.