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Explained: BJP’s defeat in Jharkhand shows limits of the Modi-centric campaign in state elections

The BJP, according to sources in the party, was aware of the anger against the Chief Minister — but it had hoped to overcome it riding on a non-tribal consolidation and a palpable sentiment in favour of a stable government.

Written by Manoj C G | New Delhi | Updated: December 24, 2019 8:05:26 pm
jharkhand election results, jharkhand results, jharkhand counting, why BJP lost jharkhand, jharkhand result lates news, indian express The BJP ran a national campaign referring to the Ram temple, Article 370, and even the new citizenship law, just like it had done in Maharashtra and Haryana. (Photo: PTI)

After its below-par performance in Maharashtra and Haryana, the BJP is heading towards defeat in Jharkhand. At 3.15 pm, the JMM-Congress-RJD alliance was leading in 44 seats in the 81-member House, well past the majority mark.

The BJP was leading in 26 seats, behind the JMM’s 27. Chief Minister Raghubar Das was trailing BJP rebel Saryu Roy by nearly 6,000 votes at the Jamshedpur East seat.

Check results of each constituency

The verdict sends out the signal, again, that the image of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, despite his enduring personal popularity, has limitations as a mascot when it comes to state elections.

The BJP ran a national campaign referring to the Ram temple, Article 370, and even the new citizenship law, just like it had done in Maharashtra and Haryana.

In contrast, the Congress and JMM focused on local issues and the palpable disenchantment — maybe even anger — with the state government headed by Chief Minister Das and, in some places, the local MLA.

The BJP, according to sources in the party, was aware of the anger against the Chief Minister — but it had hoped to overcome it riding on a non-tribal consolidation and a palpable sentiment in favour of a stable government.

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The state, which has seen a large number of lynchings, was heavily polarised, but the BJP perhaps overestimated its electoral potential.

Travelling across Jharkhand, one could find that the people were satisfied with the performance of the Narendra Modi government and were still rooting for him. But there was a clear change of mood when it came to the state government.

There was anger against Das over the way he handled the agitations by para teachers and anganwadi workers, and unhappiness over the “lack” of new recruitments by the Jharkhand Public Service Commission (JPSC) and Jharkhand Staff Selection Commission (JSSC).

The BJP’s decision to go alone and not give in to the AJSU’s demand for 18 seats perhaps resulted in a division of its votes. Adding to the split of votes was the fact that Babulal Marandi’s JVM(P) contested in all 81 seats.

In Haryana and now in Jharkhand, the perception is that the Chief Minister has dragged the party down.

The verdict has a clear message for the Congress as well.

Although the party may be gloating, the fact is that the BJP for all of Monday morning and much of the afternoon was the single largest party — until it felt behind the JMM. The BJP’s showing — like in Haryana and Maharasthra — demonstrates that saffron is still the dominant political player.

A tactical alliance with the JMM and the RJD may have helped the Congress upstage the BJP. But the fact remains that the party, on its own, is still not seen as an alternative to the BJP.

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While a clamour has already begun in the Congress for bringing back Rahul Gandhi as party chief, the Congress’s performance in Haryana and now in Jharkhand can be largely attributed to the state leaderships and their campaigns focusing on local issues.

While the party had a relatively strong leadership in Haryana, in Jharkhand it chose to piggyback on the JMM and send a message that the Opposition can provide a credible alternative.

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