The Centre has said that it has received “multiple expressions of interest” for Air India, including a bid from Tata Sons, and one from a consortium of the airline’s employees and the US-based investment firm Interups Inc.
The deadline for submission of formal bids closed at 5pm on Monday (December 14). The government is likely to notify the qualified bidders on January 5.
This is the government’s second attempt at disinvesting its stake in Air India. The earlier attempt in 2018 ended badly, after not a single bid was received for the debt-laden airline.
On the earlier occasion, the government had put up 76% stake for sale along with a portion of its debt.
This time, it plans to divest 100% of its equity share capital in Air India Limited, which includes Air India’s shareholding interest of 100% in Air India Express and 50% in Air India SATS Airport Services.
The signal behind sale
While meeting the disinvestment target of Rs 2.1 lakh crore for 2020-21 may be a tall order — just 5% has been achieved so far — a successful sale of Air India will send a strong message on the seriousness of the government’s strategic sale plan.
A source with knowledge of the matter said the Tata Group has submitted an official expression of interest for the airline. The bid has not been placed through one of its affiliate airlines — Vistara or AirAsia India, the source said.
A Tata Group spokesperson declined to comment.
The other confirmed bid has been jointly placed by a consortium of Air India employees and Interups, the chairman of the investment firm, Laxmi Prasad, told The Indian Express.
The bid proposes to give 51% stake to the Air India employee association, which includes 219 staffers, including some board members, and 49% stake to Interups Inc, which will act as the financial partner.
“Multiple expressions of interest have been received for strategic disinvestment of Air India. The transaction will now move to the second stage,” Secretary, Department of Investment and Public Asset Management, Tuhin Kanta Pandey, said in a tweet.
The plan to have participation from the airline’s employees was put in motion by Air India’s commercial director Meenakshi Mallik, who wrote to nearly 20,000 of the airline’s staff seeking participation in the disinvestment process. Some employee unions, however, had advised their members against participating. 📣 Follow Express Explained on Telegram
The way forward
During this attempt, the most significant change made by the government in the terms of bidding was that it allowed potential investors to bid on the basis of enterprise value, effectively allowing the bidders to determine the debt level they would want to take on.
Air India had current liabilities and provisions, including short-term loans and trade payables of Rs 70,686.6 crore and a net debt of Rs 58,255 crore at the end of 2018-19. Thereafter, the government has transferred Rs 29,464 crore of this debt from Air India to a government-owned special purpose vehicle, Air India Assets Holding Company Ltd.
Going ahead, the entities that have submitted the expressions of interest, will need to submit physical bids by December 29, and the qualified interested bidders will be intimated on January 5.
These qualified bidders will place bids on the basis of enterprise value, and the winning entity will be decided on the basis of whoever quotes the highest enterprise value. This entity will then have to pay at least 15 per cent of the quoted enterprise value in cash, while the rest can be taken on as debt.