Over 42 lakh cases were pending in High Courts until January 31, and nearly 57,000 in the Supreme Court until December 1 last year, data presented in Lok Sabha show.
Allahabad High Court has the highest number of pending cases (over 7.2 lakh), as per the data, attributed to the National Judicial Data Grid. Other High Courts with a high pendency include Rajasthan (4.5 lakh) and Madras (4 lakh).
The Law Ministry said that while timely disposal of cases depends on several factors, it has taken initiatives to provide an ecosystem for faster disposal such as the National Mission for Justice Delivery and Legal Reforms, which has taken a coordinated approach for phased liquidation of arrears and pendency.
Among the factors on which disposal depends, the government mentioned availability of judges.
There are three vacancies in the Supreme Court out of a sanctioned strength of 31, and 400 out of 1,079 in the High Courts.
Source for data: Ministry of Law & Justice, in Lok Sabha