Many students of Classes 9 and 11 are being deliberately not promoted to higher classes Delhi government and MCD schools every year so that the respective school or institutes’ pass percentage remain high Class 10 and 12 board exam results, a survey has revealed. The survey has been conducted by Praja Foundation as part of the ‘First Annual Report on the State of Public School Education in Delhi’. The survey was conducted across 1,709 MCD and 1,009 government schools in the national capital. According to the survey, during the year 2013-14, 17 per cent students did not get promoted to Class 10 from Class 9. In 2014-15, this figure was 45 per cent while in 2015-16, it stood at 50 per cent. For Class 12, the percentage of students held back in 2013-14 was 23. This percentage was 35 in 2014-15 and 20 in 2015-16.
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Explaining the trend, Founder and Managing Trustee of Praja Foundation Nitai Mehta, said, “This may be happening because schools think that if they promote these children to Class 10 and 12 then their own performance percentage will go down. This raises serious doubts about the quality of education being given at these schools.”
The survey shows further that there is also a consistent drop in student enrolments in MCD and Delhi government schools as well as a rise in dropout percentage.
Total student enrolments in MCD schools fell by 5 per cent from 8,69,540 in 2013-14 to 8,18,707 in 2015-16.
In state government schools, student enrolments dropped by 6 per cent from 15,92,813 in 2013-14 to 14,92,132 in 2015-16.
Number of students enrolled in Class 1 registered a decline of 27 per cent in five years, recording 1,69,215 in 2010-2011 and 1,23,325 in 2015-2016.
In terms of pass percentage, while state government schools recorded a decline of nearly 10 per cent in Class 10 from 99.09 per cent in March 2011 to 89.25 per cent in March 2016, Class 12 saw a marginal improvement by over a per cent from 87.54 per cent in March 2011 to 88.91 per cent in 2016.
The pass percentage for Class 12 in 2016 for state government schools is higher than private schools, however, by more than 2 per cent.
A survey of 4,572 households conducted to find out why people were not happy with public schools found most felt that sending a child to a state government school or an MCD school would limit avenues for them in future. Other important factors were poor quality of education and of teachers.
To improve the quality of education in government schools, the Foundation has recommended a “focus on tracking and improving learning outcomes, increasing teacher and administrative accountability and empowering local comunities to participate through School Management Committees.”
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