Amidst all the confusions regarding NEET and the future of state-organised medical entrance examinations, the Indianexpress.com brings a chronology on how the decisions regarding NEET or AIPMT have been changed over the years.
Before 2012: CBSE used to conduct All India Pre-Medical Test (AIPMT). There were two papers in the older AIPMT format.
2012: The Government introduces the one-country, one-test, NEET for medical admissions. The test was initially proposed to take place from 2012 onwards. However, due to oppositions from the various states and private colleges, the CBSE and Medical Council of India deferred NEET by a year.
February 2013: More than 80 cases opposing the the undergraduate NEET filed; two of these by state governments and the rest by private and minority institutes. Private institutes oppose the test because they want a greater say in the content, while minority institutions are worried they would be able to retain minority character.
May 5, 2013: Test held for the first time.
July 18, 2013: In a 2-1 split verdict on the validity of the NEET, a Bench led by former Chief Justice Altamas Kabir holds that the MCI and the Dental Council of India lacked legal authority to control admissions to MBBS, BDS and post-graduate courses. This view is shared by Justice Vikramjit Sen. However, Justice Anil R Dave differs.
October 23, 2013: A review petition challenging the judgment is filed by the MCI; Supreme Court issues notice.
May, 2014: CBSE conducts AIPMT. The final decision on NEET UG is planned to be taken after the verdict of the Supreme Court of India.
April 7, 2016: The Supreme Court, after carefully considering submissions, reserves the judgment.
April 11, 2016: The Constitution bench of the Supreme Court recalls 2013 judgment passed by it striking down a common entrance examination for all medical colleges in India. The judgment delivered by the then Chief Justice of India Altamas Kabir on the day of his retirement.
The apex court order revives government’s December 21, 2010 notification for holding a single common entrance test through NEET with a clarification that any challenge on the issue would directly come before it and no high court can interfere in it.
April 28, 2016: The Supreme Court clears decks for holding of NEET in two phases for the academic year 2016-17 with May 1 AIPMT exam to be considered NEET-1 and NEET-2 for those candidates who have not appeared in the first phase exam.
With this clarification, the three-judge bench led by Justice Anil R Dave make it unequivocal that all other admission tests, already held or scheduled for later, for admission to government colleges, deemed universities, private medical colleges, minority and linguistic minority colleges, stand scrapped.
April 29, 2016: The Government moves the Supreme Court seeking modification of yesterday’s order to allow state governments and private colleges to hold separate entrance examinations for MBBS and BDS courses for the academic year 2016-17.
April 30, 2016: The Court declines to issue an urgent order to modify its directive to hold the common all-India medical entrance test in two phases even as the central government cited “practical difficulties” in conducting the exam for the 2016-17 session.
Members from the BJP, Congress, Shiv Sena and other smaller parties say the exam on May 1, being held as the first phase of NEET, will leave aspirants with almost no time to prepare. They demand that the exam be held on July 24, the scheduled date for the second phase of the exam.
May 1, 2016: CBSE conducted the first phase of NEET. As many as six lakh candidates appeared for the exam.
May 3, 2016: The Supreme Court agreed to hear a fresh plea of few states, including Jammu and Kashmir and some private medical colleges. The Court has asked the Health Ministry and MCI to respond to the plea.
May 5, 2016: The Supreme Court clarified that private colleges would not be allowed to conduct separate exams for medical admissions. The Centre has to answer the state’s plea tomorrow.
May 6, 2016: The MCI on Friday has asked the Supreme Court to allow the states to conduct separate medical admission tests for 2016-17. However, the Centre has asked the apex court to give them time till Monday.
NEET-II, scheduled for July 24, will allow only those candidates who have not appeared in the May 1 NEET-I exam irrespective of whether or not they had filled up the forms. According to the court order, CBSE’s AIPMT on May 1 has to be considered as first phase of NEET.
May 9, 2016: The Supreme Court has rejected pleas of state governments and minority institutions to allow them to hold separate entrance exams for MBBS and BDS courses for the academic year 2016-17 saying only NEET provides for conducting such test for admission to these courses.
However, the Court has allowed all candidates who could not appear in NEET-I and those who had appeared but have apprehension that they had not prepared well, be permitted to appear in NEET-II, subject to seeking an option from the said candidates to give up their candidature for NEET-I.
May 10, 2016: The Supreme Court said it will consider Centre’s plea seeking permission to hold the entrance examination for MBBS and BDS for the academic year 2016-17 in six vernacular languages — Tamil, Telugu, Marathi, Assamese, Bengali and Gujarati.
May 20: Amid strong reservations expressed by several states against conducting the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) this year, the NDA government Friday paved the way for an ordinance to keep state governments’ exams out of the ambit of the common test.
May 24: President Pranab Mukherjee gave his assent to the ordinance on uniform medical entrance examination NEET, ahead of his four-day visit to China. The ordinance was sent to the president on Saturday.
May 25: The President has passed the Ordinance. Therefore, the state boards can skip the NEET for a year. The ordinance is aimed at “partially” overturning the Supreme Court order. Therefore, the state governments will get an opportunity to appear for this year (2016-17) undergraduate examination.
July 18: The Lok Sabha passed a bill mandating the conduct of a single common exam for medical and dental courses. The new measure will also cover private colleges.
The Bill will replace the ordinances promulgated by the government to circumvent a Supreme Court order, which had called for the implementation of NEET from this session.
August 1: The Rajya Sabha passed by voice vote the Indian Medical Council (Amendment) Bill, 2016, and the Dentists (Amendment) Bill, 2016, that provide for putting the NEET in place for admission to medical and dental courses across the country from next year.
August 3: A petition is filed in the Supreme Court demanding retest on the basis of alleged paper leak of NEET 2 paper from Uttarakhand.
August 8: President Pranab Mukherjee gives nod to the two Bills
August 9: The Supreme Court refused to interfere in the plea seeking probe by the Uttarakhand Police into the alleged NEET paper leak.
August 23: A fresh petition filed in the Court alleging that NEET 2 was tougher than the earlier one and CBSE came out with a common result without “normalisation” or rationalisation of marks obtained by the medical aspirants in these two tests.
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