For the first time, since the inception of Jharkhand, the state government has decided to include regional and tribal languages in the main papers of examinations conducted by the Jharkhand Public Service Commission (JPSC) and the Staff Selection Commission (SSC) – the two recruiting bodies for government jobs. It has also been decided to reduce the emphasis on Hindi and English.
Further, the question papers would have a higher percentage of Jharkhand-specific questions.
The move is being seen as an exercise to facilitate entry of the local and tribal population in the state government’s jobs by giving them a level playing field.
The government had defined ‘local’ on April 7, the first time it was done since the state came into existence in 2000.
A committee of experts of over a dozen such languages – Santhali, Kudukh, Ho, Kharia, Mundari (Munda), Kurmali, Panchpargania, Nagpuri, Khortha, Bangla, Odiya (besides Hindi, English and Urdu) — has also been constituted to prepare the material for the purpose.
The committee will submit its report within 15 days.
The exercise began in March, when a committee headed by cabinet minister Saryu Rai, with MLAs from Congress, Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik), Jharkhand Mukti Morcha, the BJP and All-Jharkhand Students’ Union, was formed to look into the issue following allegations that the JPSC results, announced earlier this year, were vitiated allowing ‘outsiders’ into the top notch state services.
The government accepted the report and asked the JPSC and the SSC to make necessary amendments in their examination syllabus.
In turn, the JPSC requested for constitution of a committee to prepare the syllabus and the question bank in various tribal and regional languages.
An official communication Tuesday said that a 15-member committee — headed by Member (Revenue Board) and comprising professors, lecturers, subject experts for different languages — will gather material in each language and submit a report within 15 days to the government.
Some of the major changes in the syllabus of JPSC, which recruits class 1 and 2 level officers at the state level, are:
1) A separate paper of general studies in the preliminary examinations of 200 marks focusing entirely on Jharkhand
2) The language paper in the mains examination – including all the regional and tribal languages, besides Hindi and English – will now be of 150 marks, as against 100 marks earlier.
3) The Social Science paper in mains exam would have 40 per cent questions related specifically to Jharkhand.
Additionally, aspirants will get a carbon copy of the OMR sheets in the prelims examinations and their answer scripts or applications would not be cancelled merely on technical grounds.
In the SSC, which takes care of Class 3 and 4 jobs, a new paper on languages and literature has been introduced.
Under this, an aspirant can choose any of the following — Hindi, Urdu, English, Bengali, Odiya, Santhali, Ho, Kharia, Kudukh (Oraon), Mundari (Munda), Khortha, Nagpuri, Panchpargania and Kurmali.
Also, the minimum qualifying marks for Hindi and English has been reduced from 40 per cent to 30 per cent. The percentage of Jharkhand-specific questions has also been increased from 30 per cent to 40 per cent.
“The idea is to allow the local aspirants more and more into the government jobs by giving them a level playing field. Earlier, they had to compete with people from outside and within the state in Hindi and English, none of which is their mother tongue. But there would be no compromise on quality, although the aspirants well versed with Jharkhand will now have a better chance to compete,” said a top official.
“All the states have provisions on these lines to facilitate the entry of their youngsters in the government jobs. Jharkhand did not have one. Together with the definition of a ‘local’, these changes would be ‘enabling’ in nature for the local and tribal youngsters looking for jobs,” said BJP MLA Radha Krishna Kishore, one of the four-members of the Committee.
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