There is a cheer in the air on November 14 when schools across the country put aside textbooks for a while in order to celebrate the importance of children. Students and youth are regarded with appreciation on this day which is marked in history as the birth date of one of the nation’s most admired leader — Jawaharlal Nehru.
Here are four things you need to know about Children’s Day:
1. Jawaharlal Nehru:
Nehru was born on November 14, 1889 and is affectionately referred to as Chacha Nehru. He became the first Prime Minister of independent India in 1947 and served until May 27, 1964. He served twice as the president of the Indian National Congress and was a pioneer player in India’s struggle for freedom from colonial rule.
2. Contributions to children and education:
Nehru was an advocate of education for Indian youth and had overseen the establishment of the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, the Indian Institutes of Technology, the Indian Institutes of Management and the National Institutes of Technology. He even outlined the guarantee of free and compulsory primary education for India’s children in his five-year plan and oversaw mass village enrollment programmes and the construction of schools.
Jawaharlal Nehru is known for his quote “The children of today will make the India of tomorrow. The way we bring them up will determine the future of the country”. His work on the front of promoting children’s right to education has been recognised and promoted by marking his birthday as children’s day. He was awarded India’s highest civilian honour— Bharat Ratna— in 1955.
On Children’s day, institutions across the country organise functions which involve cultural performances and other events. At schools and educational institutions, teachers get involved in the festivities and show their appreciation for their students through treats, performances and other activities.