Ending uncertainty over results of the Class 12 board examinations hit by the Covid-19 pandemic, the CBSE informed the Supreme Court Thursday that marks for the theory component will be calculated according to a 40:30:30 formula based on the student’s performance in Classes 12, 11 and 10, respectively.
For the practical and internal assessment component, the student will be assessed according to the actual marks submitted by the school to CBSE.
Schools will have to finalise the results and upload marks on the Board’s link by July 15, after which CBSE will declare the results by July 31.
Students not satisfied with such an assessment process “will be given an opportunity to appear in examinations to be conducted by the board when conditions are conducive for holding the examinations” and “as per this policy, marks scored in later exams,” the CBSE said.
The bench of Justices A M Khanwilkar and Dinesh Maheshwari, while stating that there was no question of reversing its earlier decision to accept cancellation of the Class XII board exams by the CBSE owing to the Covid-19 situation, accepted the CBSE and ICSE schemes for assessing results of students on the basis of their performance in Classes XII, XI and X.
“After perusing the scheme presented by the concerned Boards, prima facie, we have no hesitation in accepting the same and permit the Boards to proceed on that basis,” the bench said, adding that “the scheme must incorporate two aspects…The first is about providing for a Dispute Resolution mechanism in case the students apply for correction of the final result declared by the concerned Boards. The second is about the time-line to be specified for (a) declaration of the result and (b) the date before which the optional examination will be conducted, subject to conducive situation and logistical constraints”.
This is what Attorney General KK Venugopal informed the bench — CBSE Controller of Examination Sanyam Bhardwaj also stated this in his affidavit — regarding the assessment formula:
* While assessing the theory portion, Classes X and XI performances will be given 30 per cent weightage each while that of Class XII will get 40 per cent weightage.
* Class XII marks will be evaluated based on Unit Test/Mid-Term/Pre-Board exams.
* Class XI marks based on the theory component of the final exam.
* Class X marks based on average theory component of the best three performing subjects out of the main five subjects.
* Marks for Practical/Internal Assessment etc. of Class XII will be on actual basis as uploaded by the school on the CBSE portal.
* Every school will form a Result Committee comprising 5 members for the assessment, and total marks awarded would be in consonance with the past performance of the school in Class XII board examinations.
* Students who are unable to meet the qualifying criterion will be placed in “Essential Repeat” or “Compartment” category.
In the affidavit, Bhardwaj said that to standardise the marking, the “total marks awarded should be in consonance with the past performance of the school in Class XII Board Examinations”.
The solution, the option
This formula, which the SC has also accepted, ends the uncertainty over the Class 12 results with students getting ready to apply for college admission. Students not satisfied with this formula have the option to take the examination “when the situation is conducive”.
“As marks of Class XI and Class XII component will be awarded at school level, they will strictly not be comparable across schools due to the variations in the quality of question papers, the evaluation standard and processes, the mode of conduct of exams etc. Therefore, to ensure standardisation, each school will have to internally moderate the marks to account for the school level variations by using a reliable reference standard.”
“The historical performance of the school, in terms of the best overall performance in the previous three years’ Board examination, will be taken as the reference for moderating the marks assessed by the school for 2020-2021… For example, if in a specific school, the overall average of students in 2017-18 is 72%, in 2018-19 is 74% and in 2019-20, it is 71%, the school will use the subject-wise averages of 2018-19 for moderation, which are the highest for moderation. The selected year will be the reference year for the school,” he said.
The CBSE said the “subject wise marks assessed by the school for 2020-2021 should be within a range of +/- 5 marks obtained by the students in the school in the subject in the reference year”, and that the “the overall average marks for the school assessed in 2020-2021, for all the subjects, should not exceed the overall average marks obtained by the school by 2 marks in the specific reference year”.
THE ICSE FORMULA
Under the ICSE scheme, “the components used to arrive at the formula” will be limited to:
* (i) marks percentage in Class X board examinations
* (ii) Project & Practical Work in the subjects
* (iii) performance of the candidates in the school examinations in the subjects in Classes XI and XII, measured through their best marks obtained in the two years (referred to as raw marks)
* (iv) the best performance of the school in the last six years.
“The first factor measures the general proficiency of the candidates, the next two factors measure the subject proficiency of the candidates, while the last is a measure of the general quality of the schools the candidates are appearing from,” the bench was told.
Appearing for some students, Senior Advocate Vikas Singh urged the bench to revisit the decision of CBSE and ICSE to cancel the exams.
But the bench said “we have already accepted the decision taken by the concerned Boards to cancel XII standard examination and had placed it on record on the previous date”. It said “in any case, the students, who want to appear in the examination for improvisation of their marks, will get that opportunity under the scheme” and “that takes care of the concern of such students represented by Mr Vikas Singh”.
“In other words, there is no question of reversing the earlier decision regarding cancellation of examination because no prejudice will be caused to the students as they can still appear in the optional examination to be concluded in due course,” it said.
The bench, however, agreed to Singh’s request for some time to examine the schemes of the two Boards and deferred the hearing to June 21 while making it clear that “that the concerned Boards are free to notify the final scheme on the above lines and include the two suggestions given by the Court”.
“In other words, the CBSE and the ICSE will notify the final scheme incorporating the two aspects referred to above which, however, will be subject to further order to be passed on the next date of hearing on Monday (i.e., 21st June, 2021),” it said in its order.
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