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Thursday, May 13, 2021

Silk protein kills zika, dengue vector: study

The study revealed that the bio-nanocomposite material ability could restrict the growth of aedes aegypti.

By: Express News Service | Pune |
December 27, 2017 9:52:24 am
Silk protein kills zika, dengue vector: study According to the team, a film, coated with silver and gold nanoparticles and obtained from the protein of mulberry silk, was able to completely kill the larva of aedes aegypti.

A TEAM of researchers from Pune, as a part of an international collaborative study, has devised a biofilm possessing anti-bacterial and disease fighting capacity against aedes aegypti — a vector that causes zika, dengue and chikungunya diseases among humans.

According to the team, a film, coated with silver and gold nanoparticles and obtained from protein of mulberry silk, was able to completely kill the larva of aedes aegypti.

The scientists used this film, which was coated with nanoparticles synthesised from mulberry grown locally in and around Junnar, located about 80 kms from Pune. Silk being a fibre produced by the silkworms consists of two proteins — fibroin and sericin. This film was later subjected to the growth of larva and tested over a period of eight days.

Dinesh Amalnerkar from Hanyang University and former executive director of the Centre for Electronics and Materials Energy Technology (C-MET), said, “The resultant nanosilver and nanogold-based fibroin solution and films were tested for anti-bacterial activity against various bacteria E coli, S aureus, K pneumoniae, P Aeruginosa and antifungal activity against A fumigates. Nanosilver-based solution exhibited an effective anti-microbial action against all these microbes as compared to nanogold solution. Additionally, nearly 100 per cent mortality of aedes aegypti mosquito larva in the water-insoluble films was obtained, while the films of gold-based nanocomposite revealed 86-98 per cent mortality.”

According to statistics maintained by the National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme, there were a total of 5,01,31 cases of dengue and 1,87,829 cases of chikungunya in the country during 2013 – 2017 (until December 17).

The study, which was recently published in Current Science, revealed that the bio-nanocomposite material ability could restrict the growth of aedes aegypti, the other infections like flavivirus, malaria, yellow fever, filariasis, schistosomiasis, Japanese encephalitis can automatically be curbed and effectively controlled, highlighted Amalnerkar.

Alongside preventing the mosquito breeding, co-researcher R D Chaudhari, head of the Zoology Research Centre at Shri Shiv Chhatrapati College in Junnar, is of the opinion that farmers can hugely benefit from the sale of mulberry silk.

The silk is mainly grown in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu and Jammu and Kashmir, which account for 92 per cent of country’s total mulberry raw silk production.

Chaudhari said, “If we can tap this abundant natural resource, which is available in the form of silks obtained from mulberry tree, and tussar silk. This can potentially become an additional income source for farmers, given that mulberry plant is having a life span of 12 to 15 years.”

In Maharashtra, Tussar silk largely reared in Vidarbha region, while along the Western Ghats, mulberry is more commonly grown.

He added, “Also, since this tree can bear fruits at regular intervals, a cultivator can get an assured income which will support his regular income from the farm produce.”

Yet another benefit of using this film, the study team claimed, is that it is biodegradable. They claimed to have tested the water for wheat cultivation.

Co-authors of the study Manish Shinde, from CMET, Pune, and Pramod Mane, SSC College, Junnar, said, “The water was used to grow wheat seeds and we noticed that the germination remained unaffected.”

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