In keeping with the national trend,the growth of urban population in the state has been more than in rural areas,according to the 2011 provisional Census figures. The state has 45.23 per cent urban population,much higher than the national average of 31.16 per cent. Of the 11,23,72,972 people counted in the state,6,15,45,441 are in rural and 5,08,27,531 in urban areas.
Mumbai and Mumbai (suburban) districts have cent per cent urban population. Although Pune district has a higher figure of 60.89 per cent urban population,it trails behind other urbanised districts of Thane (76.92% ) and Nagpur (68.30%). On the other end of the spectrum,Gadchiroli district (89 per cent) has the highest percentage of rural population followed by Sindhudurg (87.4) and Hingoli (84.83).
The urban population in the state grew by 23.7 per cent from 2001 while the growth in rural population was 10.3 percent for the decade,against the national average of 31.8 per cent (urban) and 12.2 per cent (rural) population growth.
Maharashtra,along with Tamil Nadu,Kerala,Karnataka and Gujarat,has more than 35 per cent urban population. In the last ten years,1,54,94,345 people were added in the state,97,26,551 urban and 57,67,794 rural; a growth of 62.8 per cent against the national average of 50.1 per cent.
It was seen in the past that the population is shifting from rural to urban due to various reasons. The growth rate of population was slower in 2001-2011 as compared 1991-2001. In the decade from 1991 to 2001,it grew 22.73 per cent while the rate was 15.99 per cent from 2001 to 2011.