Forty-year-old Deepak Premchand,a resident of Thergaon in Pimpri-Chinchwad,became the first victim of XDR-TB (extreme drug-resistant tuberculosis),an incurable form of TB,in Pune district. As many as three patients in the city and three in Pimpri had been detected with XDR-TB and were put under treatment.
Dr B Hodgar,City Tuberculosis Officer,Pimpri-Chinchwad Municipal Corporation (PCMC),said Deepak was detected with the disease in March. Two other patients – a mother and a son in Pimpri – are said to be stable.
According to Dr N D Thakur,TB Control Officer,Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC),said of the three patients undergoing treatment for XDR-TB in the city has been referred from Mumbai.
Doctors in the city have cautioned that people with cough for more than two weeks should get their sputum tested.
Health officials said given the widespread availability and use of second-line drugs,and as laboratory capacity to conduct second-line drug susceptibility tests increases,more XDR-TB cases are likely to be identified.
India is the highest TB burdened country in the world,with estimated 1.9 million cases reported every year. According to health officials,as many as 1.36 lakh new TB cases were detected in the state last year. Presently,5,189 patients with MDR-TB are being treated. As many as 7,925 people died of the disease in 2009 ,7,829 in 2010,7,934 in 2011,and 7,597 in 2012. There is no specific figure for XDR-TB or MDR-TB deaths as not all cases of drug-resistant TB are diagnosed,said officials.
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