During winters,everyone from infants to adults becomes susceptible to developing many ailments. Be it from the common cold or the flu,or more serious bouts of asthma,constipation and respiratory infections,prevention works better than cure in this season. So a healthy diet,loaded with the essential doses of Vitamin A and C,and regular physical exercise become important aspects of the survival regimen.
Asthma patients face higher chances of attacks during the cold season because of the increased dust particles suspended in the air. We have had a lot of patients with asthma recorded over the past two weeks. Viral infections like cold,flu,sneezing,cough and fever increase every winter season. It is important to prevent the flu before you get infected. The influenza vaccine,taken yearly,is most advisable to stay healthy. Infants and seniors above the age of 60 years should be vaccinated at least once in their lifetime with Pneumococcal vaccine which fights against Hepatitis A,B as well as H1N1,” says Dr Nitin Abhyankar,physician at Poona Hospital.
Understandably,children are the most vulnerable to seasonal changes and are prone to respiratory tract infections. Gastro-intestinal and respiratory infections rise during this season. Children should eat a well-balanced diet,with lots of vegetables and dals. They should avoid going to crowded places,take all preventive measures and consume medication on time to get well soon, advises Dr Manoj Zalte,child specialist,Sanmay Nursing Home.
Maintaining a good healthy diet full of fresh fruits and vegetables and minimal amounts of organic meats is a way of keeping the body clean and in good working order. Try eating an extra piece of fruit or veggie every day. It is important to exercise regularly or take small walks and consume plenty of liquids,like water and juices, says Dr Rahul Saraf of Aditya Ayurvedic Clinic.
But in winters,cold and flu are not the only worrying infections. Skin and eye problems too spike in the cold weather. Dr Ashish Davalbhakta,skin specialist at Aesthetic Medi Spa,says,”During winter,dry skin becomes a major problem for many people. To avoid this,they need to use moisturiser every day after a bath. They must also apply sunscreen lotion before going out,this prevents one from higher UV rays of the sun. It is also good to use a natural foot scrub and pumice stone to remove dead skin. Petroleum jelly or healing natural oils such as olive oil are also helpful.” He also advocates the use of appropriate soaps to keep the body,especially the hands,germ-free.