Amid a debate between the Centre and the states over the style of implementation of Centrally-sponsored schemes, no major changes are envisaged in the schemes in states affected by Left wing extremism (LWE).
“It means the schemes will not only be funded by the Centre but also monitored by it,” said a senior state government official.
“The Centre doesn’t want any variations in the implementation to prevent any leeway to Naxals. Initially, it was proposed that 15 SIS components be transferred to the states. But sates could have different priorities and approaches in upgrading the police. LWE could take advantage and move across state borders, when they are under pressure in one state. So a uniform approach is required,” said a senior state government official.
The Centre has decided to continue the Integrated Action Plan (IAP) for now. It was in a state of flux after extension was not granted by the Narendra Modi government to UPA’s flagship programme in LWE districts. Under the scheme, each district gets Rs 30 crore to be spent as per local requirements.
An outlay of Rs 3,150 crore has been sanctioned for IAP in 88 LWE affected districts.
Phase II of the Centre-sponsored Fortified Police Station scheme will cover 250 police stations, and the Centre will provide Rs 2 crore and the states Rs 50 lakh for each.
The Centre has reduced allocation for special infrastructure scheme (SIS) from 100 to 75%. “This means states will have to contribute 25%,” said the official. An outlay of Rs 563 crore for the scheme has been made for the next 5 years. The Centre will provide Rs 422 crore. The amount was Rs 500 crore in the earlier phase.
A likely reason for the reduction is that states often did not spend the money, or used it for other purposes, according to the official.
Another decision was to pay risk allowance to Central para-military forces in LWE areas on par with their counterparts in J&K.
“This is owing to the fact that the forces are under much greater risk in LWE areas than in J&K. The casualty figures of 317 and 44 respectively, between 2009 and Oct 2014 prove the point,” the official said.