Mumbai University (MU) might have to change its system of grading students under the choice-based credit system. Stating that while higher education institutions must have the freedom to design the examination and evaluation methods that best fits the curriculum, syllabi and teaching-learning methods, the University Grants Commission (UGC) has written to all universities saying that there is a “need to devise a sensible system” for awarding the grades based on performance of the students. The UGC has, accordingly, issued a 10-point grading system, different from what MU follows.
Mumbai University has a seven-point ranking system, where ‘O’ implies 70 and above and a grade point of seven, ‘A’ implies 60 to 69.99 and a grade point of six, ‘B’ is 55 to 59.99 and five grade points, ‘C’ refers to 50 to 54.99 and agrade point of four. It further includes grades ‘D’ (45 to 49.99) and grade point three, ‘E’ (40 to 44.99) and grade point two, and ‘F’ denotes fail in cases where students score 39.99 and below. All faculties except law and fine arts follow this system.
The UGC notice elaborates on a 10-point system, where ‘O’ denotes outstanding and has a 10 grade points, ‘A-plus’ is excellent and has nine points, ‘A’ is very good with eight points, ‘B-plus’ is good with seven grade points, ‘B’ is above average with six points. The UGC system further has ‘C’ (average), ‘P’ (pass) and ‘F’ (fail) grades with five, four and zero grade points respectively.
“To bring in the desired uniformity in grading system and method for computing the CGPA based on the performance of students in the examinations, UGC has formulated the guidelines,” said the notice.
The notice further stated that the statutory requirement for eligibility to enter as assistant professor in colleges and universities is a minimum average of 50 per cent and 55 per cent in relevant postgraduate degree respectively for reserved and general category. It has, therefore, recommended that the cut-off marks for grade ‘B’ should not be less than 50 per cent and for grade B-plus, it should not be less than 55 per cent under the absolute grading system. MU’s system, however, has only grade ‘B’.
According to a Mumbai University official, these are “just guidelines” and it was done after a lot of deliberation.