The BMC wants to free up 46.65 sq km of space for health,education,social amenities and open space for its residents over the next 20 years,but its performance over the past 20 years shows that just five of the 24 wards in the city have the optimum open space per person.
A 280-page preparatory studies report of the BMC reveals these five wards have per capita recreational open space in excess of 2 sq m per person. This standard was set by BMC in its 1990-2013 Development Plan (DP). The report,jointly drafted by BMC and Group SCE India Ltd,a subsidiary of French consulting firm EGIS Geoplan,was submitted to CM Prithviraj Chavan recently. It compares the existing DP (1991-2013) with the implementation and suggests future projections.
The international standards for open space requirement is 40 sq m per person in the US,24 sq m per person in UK,and 9 sq m per person as per the WHO. The open space in the national capital Delhi is 4.2-4.7 sqm per person. The UDPFI (Urban Development Plans Formulation & Implementation) has targeted it at
10-12 sqm per person.
Similarly,only six of the 24 wards outperform the standards set by the BMCs previous DP in the case of medical facilities. These wards include Fort,Churchgate,Dadar and Parel. While five wards have educational facilities better than the set norms as per 1991 DP,six wards fare better than the rest when it comes to social amenities such as markets and burial grounds.
A whopping 2,357 hectares will be required towards open space,education amenities will require 1,594 hectares,medical amenities 365 hectares and social amenities 349 hectares,the report says. The access to amenities and open space analysis reveals that the availability of open space amenities is lower than the standards established in the 1991 DP.
The report says the per capital open spaces as per the 91 DP standards is 2 sq m per person for island city and 6 sq m per person for suburbs. However,the per capital open space available is only 1.24 sq m per person as per the existing land use survey of 2012.
Experts have criticised the report over its silence on crucial citizen-centric problems such as heritage preservation and the hawkers issue.
📣 The Indian Express is now on Telegram. Click here to join our channel (@indianexpress) and stay updated with the latest headlines