Management courses have apparently lost their sheen in the financial capital. A state-appointed panel report shows that Mumbai and Pune account for most vacancies in MBA, MMS and PGDM, while Aurangabad has the least. Of the 516 institutes offering management courses in 2013-14, 252 institutes had vacancies, of which Mumbai (85) and Pune (91) accounted for 176.
“A large number of management institutes have mushroomed in Maharashtra, particularly in Mumbai and Pune regions. Ironically, in both cities, the number of institutes having vacancies of more than 35 per cent for 2013-14 and 2012-13 is very high. Overall, among 516 management institutes in Maharashtra, 241 institutes had vacancies ranging between 35 per cent and 90 per cent. The unchecked proliferation of technical and management institutes and the ensuing increase in intake capacities without adequate planning and quality control will surely have detrimental effects on these professions. There is a cascading effect — more diploma holders are permitted to pursue degree programmes in order to fill vacancies, more management institutes are created to provide a channel to the increasing numbers of unemployable engineering graduates; many of whom join these programmes to improve their job prospects. This reflects very poorly on the quality of education,” says the report.
Data shows that out of 45,297 MBA/MMS seats, 17,740 could not be filled. Among institutes offering MBA/MMS courses in Mumbai, 79 are in urban areas and five in rural. The situation is reversed for Pune, where 138 are in rural areas and 44 in urban. According to the committee, the reasons for poor response to MBA courses are multiple, including industrial slow down, high fee structure ranging from Rs 60,000 to Rs 2 lakh, running of second shift and lack of qualified staff.
“Many organisations with multiple institutes have invested to derive monetary benefit from Mumbai and Pune. This prompted these institutes to go for higher intake capacities to make profits irrespective of quality and availability of faculties,” it says. The situation is worse for PGDM courses – of 12,095 seats, only 4,271 were filled in 2013-14, amounting to 64.68 per cent vacancies.
“Initially, MBA courses were in great demand because of which AICTE created a new course called post-graduate diploma in management. The irony was that PGDM programme was directly offered to the management institutes by the AICTE, without any affiliation to any university, bypassing all academic norms. There was no control on the fee structure by any government. However, this course lost its sheen and many institutions closed the programmes and converted the intake into MBA programmes, thereby creating excess capacity. The time has come for management of these courses to rethink about their continuation,” it says.