The population of houseless people in urban areas of Uttar Pradesh has in the last decade witnessed a steep fall from 96,640 recorded in the 2001 Census to 18,120 listed in the 2011 Census.
The houseless people have been identified during the survey of Socio-Economic and Caste Census (SECC) 2011 that is being done under the supervision of the Urban Development Department in UP on the direction of the Government of India.
The first report of the survey in UP has been submitted to the Centre.
In view of the huge fall in the number of houseless people in the state,which has a 4.44 crore urban population,the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation recently asked the UP government officials to re-check the data and carry out survey during nights as well. The same has been done in Kerala.
The Centre has also asked the state to elaborate on the possible reasons for the decline.
Following the directives,Principal Secretary of Urban Development Department C B Paliwal ordered the district magistrates and municipal commissioners in urban towns to conduct a fresh survey during nights to verify the data. Officials said houseless people sleep in the open,on footpaths and in parks,and could be easily interacted with during nights.
It is good if the houseless population has decreased in UP as it shows that poor people have got homes. But as the decline is very steep as compared to other states,we are re-checking the facts, Paliwal said.
SECC had commenced in UP on June 1 last year.
The Uttar Pradesh Rural Development Department is the coordinating agency for the survey in the entire state while Urban Development department is supervising work in urban towns only.
The caste survey had to be started in June 2011 and completed in November 2011 in all the states. The exercise was not done in UP as the previous state government had expressed inability to conduct the survey then. The exercise was postponed following the Assembly elections.