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Census reveals fall in UP’s child sex ratio

2011 count: Overall sex ratio up from 898 to 912 z Child population down by 2.8 per cent.

Written by Lalmani Verma | Lucknow |
May 30, 2013 12:09:07 am

The overall sex ratio in Uttar Pradesh has improved to 912 in Census 2011 as compared to 898 in Census 2001,but the figure could change in future as the child (0-6 years) sex ratio in the state has decreased to 902 as compared to 916 in 2001.

According to Census officials,the child sex ratio brings out the recent change in our society and in its attitude and outlook towards the girl child. It is also an indicator of the likely future trends of sex ratio in the population.

In the final population data of Census 2011 for UP,which was released on Wednesday,the child population stands at 3 crore — 2.8 per cent less than 3.16 crore recorded in 2001. There are 1.46 crore female and 1.61 crore male children in UP.

The fall in female child population (3.3 per cent) is more than the decrease in male child population (2.4 per cent). The situation is cognizable in rural areas where a decline of 12.18 lakh has been recorded. However,in urban areas,child population has increased by 3.85 lakh. The child sex ratio is 906 in rural and 885 in urban areas.

While releasing the data,Joint Director of Census Operations in UP Pradeep Kumar said that Balrampur (950),a rural district,has recorded the highest and Baghpat (841) the lowest child sex ratio in the state. Mau (954) has recorded the highest and Ghaziabad (848) and Meerut (848) the lowest child sex ratio in urban areas. Gautam Buddha Nagar (826) recorded the lowest child sex ratio recorded in rural areas.

The literacy rate was recorded at 67.7 per cent in 2011 as compared to 56.3 per cent in 2001. The highest number of rural literates has been recorded in Allahabad district (25.84 lakh) whereas Kanpur Nagar has highest number of literates in urban area (22.32 lakh). Literacy rate in females has increased to 57.2 while among males it has risen to 77.3 per cent.

A decline of 0.4 per cent has also been recorded in the proportion of the Scheduled Caste (SC) population over the last decade. The SC population in UP recorded in Census 2011 is 4.13 crore,that is 20.7 per cent of the total 19.98 crore population of the state. The highest SC population has been recorded in Sitapur (14.46 lakh) and the lowest in Baghpat (1.49 lakh).

With an increase of 0.5 per cent during the last decade,the proportion of Scheduled Tribes (STs) in UP’s population increased to 0.6 per cent. Sonbhadra (3.85 lakh) has highest ST population whereas Baghpat (10) has the lowest.

The work participation rate (WPR) in UP has increased to 32.9 in the last decade. Lalitpur district (41.2 per cent) recorded highest WPR while Deoria (28.3 per cent) recorded lowest.

While there was 8.7 per cent fall in participation of males as the main worker,who worked for 6 months or more during the reference year,there was a growth of 6.7 per cent in female participation.

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