The pilot project for the country’s first ‘Intelligent Traffic System’ (ITS) was launched in Gurgaon Wednesday afternoon, with ‘smart’ traffic signals being installed at four places along the HUDA City Centre to Bakhtawar Chowk stretch. The impact of the project will be evaluated for six months, said officials.
Officials of the Municipal Corporation of Gurugram say the points at which the signals have been installed — Kanhai Chowk, the Sector 30/31 dividing road, Sector 31/45 traffic light, and Bakhtawar Chowk — were chosen because of the “traffic congestion and vehicle load” that they experience daily.
A system where signals interact with each other
The system involves automatic and real-time management of traffic signals based on estimations of traffic congestion and demand. Each signal is equipped with a vehicle detector, with all signals interacting with each other through optical fibres, said officials. This process of interaction, as opposed to the usual practice of information going to a control room which then manipulates signals, saves time. The sensors detect traffic volume at those points, and communicate the same to their counterparts, which calculate signal control parameters accordingly. If traffic volume is high, the light remains green for longer, reducing traffic congestion as well as pollution.
Although three points along Golf Course Road were initially being considered, officials decided against it because of lack of optical cables on the stretch.
The work has been carried out by Japanese firm Kyosan India Pvt. Ltd. According to the President and CEO of the company, Tom Tokodai, the MoU for the project had been signed with the Haryana government in 2016. “In the ITS, one controller interacts with the other without any need for a central processor system. This saves a lot of time… We will take it to other cities in India as well,” said Tokodai.
Union Minister Rao Inderjit Singh directed officials to “inspect” the project at the earliest and extend it to the rest of the city. “This project is very successful in Japan and Russia. It will change the perception about traffic in Gurgaon as well,” he said.