National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) chairperson Justice K G Balakrishnan said the number of complaints regarding human rights violations by police have remained consistently high over the years.
In the month of July alone,the NHRC had recommended a total of Rs 43,20,000 for complaints related to custodial deaths and human rights violations by police.
Balakrishnan said while the increasing number of complaints received by the NHRC reflected a growing awareness about human rights among people,the increasing violations were a worrying trend. The number of complaints against police remains very high. The NHRC would urge the Centre and state governments to continue making efforts to train and guide the policemen,especially at the chowki and thana level,who come in direct contact with public,to respect human rights and stand up for them, he said.
He also noted that overcrowding in jails was becoming a big problem due to the high number of undertrial prisoners,constituting 65.7 per cent of the prison population.
Overcrowding in jails had led to pressure on amenities. The tendency to arrest for small offences needs to be curbed to ensure that undertrial prisoners do not crowd prisons, he said.
In July,the NHRC recommended compensation in 30 cases,out of which 20 pertained to custodial deaths and human rights violations by the police,ranging from victimisation by the police to fake encounter cases.