March 19, 2009 12:31:53 am
LOCOMOTIVES IN STEAM-9
BESA designs (1905-1928)
With the growth of the railways,individual railway systems adopted their own standards and types of locomotives multiplied to such an extent that the traditional British manufacturers could not fulfill the demands. The outcome was that the British Engineering Standards Committee was set up to limit the number of classes. The committee submitted its report in 1903 and a revised report in 1905. The committee suggested eight classes (SP,SG,PT,HP,AP,HG,HG-1 and HT) for broad gauge and four for metre gauge. A stamp showing HP class locomotive was issued on the occasion of centenary celebrations of SER on March 28,1987. This 5ft 6 inch gauge loco 4-6-0 loco was manufactured by Vulcan Foundry Ltd. It first worked on the East Indian Railways. HP class locos were later reclassified as HPS when a superheated version was developed.
1. Which is the westernmost station on the Indian Railways?
2. Which is the worlds longest narrow gauge tunnel?
3. What are the four gauges on Indian Railways?
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4. Where is the metre gauge rail museum located in India?
5. Which is the fastest train on the Indian Railways?
6. On which railways in India would you still find steam locomotives hauling daily passenger service?
7. On which world heritage mountain railways do these B-Class locomotives run?
8. Considered the sister of Fairy Queen,worlds oldest working steam locomotive,this locomotive too worked on East India Railway and can be seen today at the Rail Museum,Howrah. What is its name?
Did you know
Oldest Narrow Gauge Line
In the early 1850s,Khanderao,the Maharaja of Vadodara built a line between Miyagam Karjan and Dabhoi. It was on 26 gauge with rails weighing 13 lbs to a yard. The line was designed and constructed by A W Forde. A pair of oxen used to haul trains composed of 4 to 6 vehicles. In 1863,Khanderao purchased 3 steam locomotives built by Neilson and Co,Glasgow. These 0-4-0 ST locomotives proved to be too heavy for the rails. During the reign of Malharrao in 1871,the old rails were removed and new rail 30 lbs to a yard were laid. The 32.3 km Miyagam-Dabhoi line was reopened for traffic on April 8,1873. Today,this is the oldest NG line still in use for daily passenger traffic. For history buffs,however,the worlds oldest NG line was built in 1869. It connected Portmadoc in North Wales with Festiniog and its slate quarries. It closed down in 70s before being restored for special tourist runs.
VIKAS SINGH,RAIL ENTHUSIAST
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