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More women using contraceptive devices, condoms down

According to data sourced from the Directorate of Family Wellfare, sterlisations in Delhi fell from 20,107 in 2012-13 to 19,181.

Written by MAYURA JANWALKAR | New Delhi |
December 22, 2014 3:06:56 am

The insertion of intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUCD) increased by 23.5 per cent in Delhi in 2013-14, data released by the government shows. The increase from 47,164 devices in 2012-13 to 58,293 in 2013-14, doctors say, is indicative of IUCD being preferred by many couples in Delhi over sterilisations and other means of contraception.

With the rise in the number of IUCDs, contraception methods like using oral pills and condoms too have shown a decline in the national capital. The consumption of oral pills came down from 2,13,992 last year to 2,07,872 in 2013-14. The use of condoms dipped by 42 per cent in the city. While condom use was 93.25 lakh in 2013, it was 53.73 lakh in 2013-14.

Director of the Directorate of Family Welfare Dr D K Dewan said that the data mainly consisted of contraceptive methods used by married couples in Delhi. He explained that IUCD is a non-surgical method and also helps couples in spacing pregnancies. “With IUCD the couple can decide to use it for five years or 10 years, thus giving them the choice of spacing,” Dewan said. He added that unlike sterlisation in which reversibility is not easy, IUCD can be removed.

Condoms, Dewan said, are not a foolproof method of contraception and oral pills that induce hormones may not be advisable for everyone, especially women who may have certain other physical ailments.

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He said that couples have a choice of contraception methods and they can choose any one as the main objective is to avoid unwanted pregnancies. “If one method of contraception has increased and others have decreased, it is not at the peril of population stabilisation,” Dewan said.

Dewan said that Delhi had excelled in the area of post-partum IUCD. “Earlier post-partum IUCD could be inserted six weeks after a woman gave birth. That can still be done. But now we have introduced an IUCD that can be inserted 48 hours after delivery. There is a certain percentage of women who might be exposed to getting pregnant soon after they deliver a child. These (inserted in 48 hours) IUCDs can ensure better reproductive health of the women and also the child that she may have just delivered,” Dewan said.

According to data sourced from the Directorate of Family Wellfare, sterlisations in Delhi fell from 20,107 in 2012-13 to 19,181. While 1,563 male sterlisations were recorded in 2012-13, the number came down to 1,401 in 2013-14. The number of female sterlisations came down from 18,544 to 17,780 in 2013-14.

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