Acting as quasi-judicial institutions and dispute settlement agencies,they resolve litigation by ways of negotiation,arbitration,mediation and conciliation.
The institutions are managed by the Delhi Legal Services Authority (DLSA) in the Capital,aiming to clearing the huge backlog of cases pending in courts for years..
* PERMANENT AND CONTINUOUS LOK ADALATS
There are 16 permanent Lok Adalats currently functioning in the Capital. Out of these,seven permanent Lok Adalats have been functioning regularly to settle motor accident claims cases. In all,2,222 cases have been settled in the evening courts of the Capital,with over Rs 22 crore awarded as compensation over the last month.
The other 9 Lok Adalats work towards resolving disputes relating to various government departments and statutory bodies,like MTNL,DDA,NDMC,BSES and NDPL.
* LOK ADALAT FOR FAMILY OR MATRIMONIAL DISPUTES
The first Lok Adalat for settlement of matrimonial disputes,matters pertaining to custody,alimony and domestic violence was organised in last October.
As many as 269 cases of matrimonial disputes were referred in the last one month. While 28 cases were fully settled,a number of others were decided at the pre-litigative stage itself.
* PERMANENT LOK ADALATS FOR ACCIDENT MATTERS
The Lok Adalat for motor accident cases are organised in all district court complexes at regular intervals. 1112 cases have been settled and an amount of Rs 30 lakh has been awarded to accident victims and/or their families.
* LOK ADALATS FOR CIVIL MATTERS
The DLSA started its first Lok Adalat for disposal of civil matters in April last year. According to the disposal report,10 such sittings were held till July 2008 in Tis Hazari and Karkardooma courts and out of 437 cases,88 were disposed of.
* LOK ADALATS FOR RENT-RELATED CASES
The Lok Adalat for resolving disputes pertaining to rent was started in March last year. As many as 7 sittings were held till July 2008. According to the disposal report,202 cases were taken up and 149 cases were settled.
Sources: Delhi government website and various RTI forums