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Delhi sex ratio highest since 1901

At 868,sex ratio rises from 821 in 2001; population grows 21.2 per cent in 10 years; fertility rate falls

Written by Express News Service | New Delhi |
June 12, 2013 1:55:59 am

Delhi’s sex ratio has reached a record high of 868 females per 1,000 males,according to figures from the Primary Census Abstract 2011. Although the figure is dismal when compared to the national average of 940,this is the first time Delhi’s sex ratio has gone above the number recorded in the 1901 Census (862).

There has been a 21.2 per cent decadal growth in Delhi’s population according to Census 2011. However,the new figures point at a declining fertility rate in the city. According to the Primary Census Abstract 2011 released by the Directorate of Census Operations on Tuesday,the population of Delhi has been estimated at 1.68 crore,out of which 53.53 per cent are males while 46.47 per cent are females.

“The decadal population growth in Delhi is above the national average by about four per cent. The sex ratio in Delhi has shown an improvement with the female population having grown by 24.9 per cent,and the male population grew at a lesser rate of 18.1 per cent. Sex ratio has gone up from 821 in 2001 to 868 in 2011. Interestingly,however,Delhi’s sex ratio in 1901 was 862,and it is for the first time that this figure has crossed to reach 868 in 2011,” Director of Census Operations (Delhi) Varsha Joshi said.

While 12 per cent of the total population constitutes children (0-6 years),it is lower than the child population of 2001 by an absolute count of 4,395 children. “The figures indicate a declining fertility rate in Delhi. The sample Registration System estimates the total fertility rate in 2011 at 1.8,while the same stood at 2.2 in 1999,” Joshi said.

While 97.5 per cent of the population lives in urban areas,only 2.5 per cent lives in rural areas. Delhi has a total of 34,35,999 households,of which 79,574 are in rural areas,and 33,56,425 are in urban areas. The population density of Delhi has been estimated at about 11,320 per sq km.

The literacy rate in Delhi,however,is about 86.2 per cent. “The literacy rate stands at 86.3 per cent in urban areas,while 81.9 per cent in rural areas. 90.9 per cent males and 80.8 per cent females are found to literate in Delhi,” the Census report said. The Scheduled Caste population in NCT stands at 28,12,309,which is 16.5 per cent of the total population.

The highest population district has been accounted as the Northwest district at 21.78 per cent of the total population,while the lowest is recorded in New Delhi district,at 0.85 per cent. However,while the highest density of population has been registered at 36,155 persons per square km in North district,the distribution of population is scantiest in New Delhi district with only 4,057 persons residing in one square km,the report has said. Percentage of highest child population was in Seelampur (14 per cent),while the lowest was in Connaught Place (8.4 per cent).

…but only one of every 10 women is employed

Only one of 10 women is engaged in an “economically productive” activity,against five of 10 men in Delhi,according to the Primary Census Abstract 2011 released on Tuesday.

The overall Work Participation Rate (WPR) stands at 33.3 per cent,which means one out of three persons in NCT is employed. Rural WPR stands at 31.91 per cent,while in urban areas,it is 33.3 per cent.

According to the report,the number of working women in Delhi stands at a mere 10.58 per cent,while that of men is 52.99 per cent.

The highest female work participation was found in Connaught Place (25.3 per cent),while the lowest was registered in Seelampur (5.2 per cent).

The pattern was similar when it came to male work participation. Most men worked in Connaught Place (62 per cent),while the lowest number was registered in Seelampur (49.4 per cent).

“We considered those people as workers who were economically productive during the reference period. Persons who did not work at all during the reference period are considered non-workers. This includes students,persons engaged in household duties,dependants,pensioners,beggars,etc,” Census Operations (Delhi) Director Varsha Joshi said.

Of the total working population,94.99 per cent are classified as ‘main workers’ (employed for six months or more in a year) and 5.01 per cent are termed as ‘marginal workers’ (employed for less than six months in a year).

Workers have been classified into four categories: cultivators (0.6 per cent),agricultural labourers (0.71 per cent),household industry (3.25 per cent) and others (95.44 per cent).

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