With each passing year, the number of people diagnosed with hypertension in the capital is increasing, a report prepared by NGO Praja Foundation has suggested. The report, released Wednesday, also states that in 2017-18, diarrhoea had the highest occurrence, with 5,01,484 cases, followed by hypertension with 3,67,833 cases.
The data was collected by the foundation in a series of RTIs filed between April 2014 and March 2018. The cases were reported from Delhi government hospitals, MCD hospitals and dispensaries.
Long-term hypertension or high blood pressure is a major risk factor for coronary artery disease, stroke, heart failure, atrial fibrillation, peripheral vascular disease, vision loss, chronic kidney disease and dementia. According to experts, hypertension and diabetes are on the rise and fast becoming a public health issue.
“People at a younger age are nowadays suffering from hypertension, which is worrying trend. Earlier, people in their 40s used to complain about high blood pressure, but those in their 20s are suffering with this lifestyle disease,” said Dr JPS Sawhney, chairman, department of cardiology, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital. Dr Sawhney recently saw a 13-year-old boy having a blood pressure of 180/140.
Multiple factors like stress, lack of sleep, easy availability of junk food and excessive consumption of alcohol and tobacco are pushing young people towards this disease. “I was surprised to see the blood pressure of this young boy. He has been discharged after we gave medicines to control his blood pressure. We have not been able to identify any other reason for the high blood pressure,” he said.