The year 2014 witnessed an almost doubling of crime in Delhi, the city’s police chief B S Bassi revealed at Delhi Police’s annual review meet on Friday. Cases registered in the capital rose to 1,47,230 last year, from 73,902 in 2013, police statistics reveal.
“The highest number of cases are of vehicle theft and snatching. Rapid urbanisation has led to certain factors which have a bearing on the crime rate in the city. Large expansion of new colonies and thousands of unplanned colonies is an important factor for street crimes such as robbery and snatching,” Deepak Mishra, who takes care of the city’s law and order, said.
Robbery cases grew nearly sixfold. Close to 6,200 cases of robbery were registered in 2014 against 1,106 the year before.
House theft cases also increased by over 300 per cent with 12,276 cases being reported last year.
Motor vehicle thefts saw a 59 per cent increase from 13,895 cases in 2013 to 22,223 cases last year.
The number of rapes reported saw an increase of 31 per cent while those of murders rose slightly at 15 per cent, the figures showed.
Attempt to murder and kidnapping for ransom saw 32 per cent increase each.
Police said with sustained efforts at rigorous investigation — by the specialised departments such as Crime Branch and Special Cell — 59 per cent of the heinous crimes were solved by December 15, 2014.
The main factors which police said are behind this spurt are socioeconomic imbalances in a fast-urbanising city, especially around housing estates such as Rohini and Dwarka.
Proximity of affluent colonies to the cluster housing of the underprivileged deepen a sense of inequality, the report says. Adverse sex ratio of 866 females per 1,000 males in the capital is another factor cited.
Easy modes of escape after committing a crime, facilitated by NCR’s long borders with three states, resulted in increased mobility of criminal elements, the police said.
Police figures show that in 96 per cent of rape cases, the accused were found to be known to the women or to their families. In 28 per cent cases, the accused were found to be live-in partners of victims who had refused to marry.
Rape cases rose from 1,571 in 2013 to 2,069 in 2014.
In 44 per cent rape cases, friends of the victim were found to be the accused. In 20.30 per cent cases, neighbours were found to be involved while in 13.62 per cent cases relatives were the accused. In 14.40 per cent cases, other known members of the family were arrested on rape charges. Only in 4.06 per cent cases, statistics show, strangers were found involved. In 03.19 per cent cases employers or co-workers were found to be the accused, police said.
“The percentage of rape cases have gone up as more and more women are coming forth to report incidents of rape and not because there is a sudden increase in the number of incidents. This year, we made sure that we registered all cases. We also assigned the investigation, preferably to a woman police officer so that the victim is comfortable. Also, the number of Women Helpline phone lines were increased from four to 10 and they recorded 53,708 phone calls this year. The number of Police Helpline lines were also increased from 40 to 100. A special round-the-clock women’s helpdesk was also introduced in police stations and are managed by women police officers. All of this has helped women come forward to report cases,” Special Commissioner of Police (Law and Order) Deepak Mishra said.
Among the 2,069 rape cases registered last year, 1,667 cases were solved by the police and arrests made.
Police to give Transport criminal history of drivers
After the Uber rape case last month, Delhi Traffic police have come up with a new driver verification scheme for commercial passenger vehicles. Police will now provide prosecution history along with the criminal history of drivers to the Transport department.
The Uber rape incident brought to the fore loopholes in the driver verification system and the widespread prevalence of forged police clearance certificates being submitted to the Transport department. The accused in the incident, Shiv Kumar Yadav, had got an All-India permit as well as his vehicle on the basis of one such forged certificate.
Now, police will directly provide traffic prosecution history as well as criminal history (if any) of the driver to the Transport department and employers, police said.
Earlier, it was the concerned driver and not the police who submitted the documents to the department, which increased the possibility of tampering with documents or submission of forged ones.